P1_E1_FA08 - Name: _ Class: _ Date: _ ID: A P1 - Exam 1 -...

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Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________ ID: A 1 P1 - Exam 1 - FA08 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The control group in an experiment is a group that a. is given an opportunity to decide which experimental group to join. b. has some control over the independent variable. c. is controlled by the dependent variable. d. is treated the same as the experimental group except for the treatment the experiment is designed to test. 2. Wilhelm Wundt is famous for what contribution to the history of psychology? a. establishing the first mental-health clinic b. teaching the first psychology course offered in a U.S. college c. establishing the first psychology laboratory d. clarifying certain philosophical issues such as the mind-brain problem 3. Titchener is known for his studies of a. the structures of the mind. b. the functions of various mental elements. c. overt behavior. d. the subconscious. 4. The field of psychology broke away from philosophy when psychologists began to a. ask why one person is different from another. b. formulate theories about why people act the way they do. c. collect and evaluate evidence scientifically. d. observe human behavior and compare it to animal behavior. 5. A study of the relationship between two variables that the investigator does not control is known as a a. random assignment. b. correlational study. c. double-blind experiment. d. case history. 6. Which kind of psychologist is most concerned with how behavior is influenced by other people? a. cognitive psychologist b. evolutionary psychologist c. quantitative psychologist d. social psychologist 7. Evolutionary explanations a. are useful only for animal species other than humans. b. are useful for humans, but not for other species. c. can account for the physical appearance, but not the behavior, in an animal species. d. can account for the physical appearance and the behavior in an animal species. 8. If every individual in the population has an equal chance of being selected for a sample, the sample is said to be a/an _______ sample. a. representative b. random c. independent d. stratified
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Name: ________________________ ID: A 2 9. Sometimes an inert pill is given to experimental participants, but they are told that the pill is effective. This pill is called a a. placebo. b. dependent variable. c. double blind. d. mode. 10. The goal of scientific research is to establish comprehensive explanations of observable events. These explanations are called a. theories. b. facts. c. predictions. d. hypotheses. 11. A survey team asks questions of a group of people who have been carefully selected to be sure that they include the same percentages of male and female; old and young; and black, white, Asian, and Hispanic as the population as a whole. This group of people constitute a a. representative sample. b.
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2009 for the course UNKNOWN 45654 taught by Professor Maccnaa during the Three '09 term at University of Adelaide.

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P1_E1_FA08 - Name: _ Class: _ Date: _ ID: A P1 - Exam 1 -...

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