9 Summary of Argument: The Case Studies: Augusta and Franklin The two counties that serve as the basis of our study--Augusta in Virginia and Franklin in Pennsylvania--occupy the eastern border between the North and South. Both counties understood themselves as "valley" counties, places within the Great Valley that cut across much of the eastern United States. Both Augusta and Franklin claimed productive economies in 1860. Augusta, with its 27,749 residents, 5,616 of whom were enslaved, stood near the top of any measure of Virginia counties' wealth and development. Franklin, with its 42,216 residents, was rich as well. Augusta ranked first in Virginia in the cash value of farms in 1860, while Franklin ranked 10th in Pennsylvania. Augusta and Franklin were vibrant counties in the great border region that extended from Maryland and Delaware to Indiana and Illinois. They had much in common. As much as they shared, these counties differed in some important ways. Franklin, for example, had nearly double the number of commercial establishments, and far outpaced Augusta in its
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 09/24/2009 for the course HIST 200gm taught by Professor Shammas during the Spring '05 term at USC.