soph history final exam study guide

soph history final exam study guide - Dalton Pollvogt...

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Dalton Pollvogt 5/18/07 History FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Western Expansion- Manifest Destiny- Some Americans started to head west both for religious reasons and so they could own their own farms. In 1845 a magazine editor named John Louis O' Sullivan declared that it was "Manifest Destiny" for AMericans to settle the west. Manifest Destiny is the idea that God had given the continent to the Americans and wanted them to settle the west. Squatters- Settlers of the land that they did not own were known as squatters. The government wanted to survey the land to sell, but the squatters wanted to buy it before it was surveyed. The Preemption Act of 1830 protected squatters by giving them to right to buy land before the government could survey it. Mexican War- - Went to War WIth Mexico for Independence. Later on went to War again over border dispute after Texas had gained Independence. Annexation of Texas- The Republic of Texas- After winning the Battle of San Jacinto Houston forced captured president Santa Anna to order his troops out of Texas and to sign a Treaty declaring independence for the Republic of Texas. In September 1836 Texas had its first elections. They named Houston their first president and voted in favor of annexation (becoming part of the US). Tyler annexed Texas before Polk even took office. Mexico was furious and became even more furious when the United States claimed that the Rio Grande was the border for Texas and Mexico. Mexico felt however it was the Nueces River 150 miles North of the Rio Grande. This forced the Americans and Mexicans to go to war. Wilmot Proviso- - Representative David Wilmot proposed an addition to war appropriations bill. This amendment, known as the Wilmot Proviso, proposed that any territory that America received from Mexico would, "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist." The South strongly opposed this amendment. It passed in the house, but the Senate refused to vote on it. John Calhoun came up with resolutions, saying the states had the right to ban slavery and that the congress had no say in the decision. Congress was also unwilling to consider them. Popular Sovereignty- Lewis Cass of Michigan proposed a solution to keep Congress from having to settle the slavery issue. Cass thought that each new territory should decide whether or not they wanted slavery in their territory or not. Strongly appealed in Congress especially Northern Territories, because they felt that they would get the new territories and ban
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slavery in the new states. Annexation of Western Territories- - California wanted to enter the Union. However the huge question was whether or not it was going to be a free state or not. Taylor thought that California should decide whether it should be a free state or not, so he encouraged California to enter the Union. However if California entered as a free state, the southern slave holding states would become the minority. The south opposed this greatly and even talked about secession out of the
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2009 for the course THEO 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '07 term at Creighton.

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soph history final exam study guide - Dalton Pollvogt...

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