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Running head: MIDTERM ESSAY1Midterm EssayRickita Mays-FrasierLiberty UniversityPADM 501-D02Dr. Abi OguntuaseNovember 17, 2019
Running head: MIDTERM ESSAY2AbstractOrganizational theory is an approach that is often used to identify the formal structure, internal workings, and external environment of complex human behavior within organizations (Milakovich & Gordon, 2013, p.145). Even though there are several individuals whom have contributed to the ideas and concepts to the classical organizational theory however, there are three important scholars who have created the foundation of classical organization theory. This paper will discuss the classical organizational theory as well as the three different scholars that have influenced this theory. It will first explain what the classical organizational theory is, and then how Max Weber, Henri Fayol, and Luther Gulick impacted it.
Running head: MIDTERM ESSAY3IntroductionClassical Organizational Theory is defined as the “systematic processes necessaryto make bureaucracy more efficient and effective” deals with “the structure of coordination imposed upon the work division units of an enterprise” (Shafritz & Hyde, 2017, p.105). It is typically broken down into four major theories of organization such as formal theories, the human relations school, organizational humanism, and modern organization theory. All of these theories were developed from three of the following approaches to classical organizational theory; scientific management approach, the bureaucratic approach, and administrative theory. These approaches were founded by each of these scholars Max Weber, Frederick Winslow Taylor, and Henri Fayol. Scientific ManagementAdministrative ManagementTaylorBureacratic Management
Running head: MIDTERM ESSAY4The Three ScholarsMax Weber and the Bureaucratic ApproachMax Weber, a German Sociologist, first characterized the concept of bureaucracy, during the classical organizational theory. The bureaucratic model is also known as the Weberian Bureaucracy used five key elements to classify the components of a well-structured government bureaucracy (Milakovich & Gordon, 2013, p.146). The key elements have been identified as division of labor, hierarchy, formal framework of rules and procedures, maintenance of files and

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