LEC15(08)crime - SOC101Y Introduction to Sociology...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style SOC101Y Introduction to Sociology Professor Robert Brym Lecture #15 Crime and Deviance 28 Jan 09
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Click to edit Master subtitle style Definitions I § Deviance  involves breaking a norm and  eliciting a negative reaction from others. § Informal punishment  is mild and may  involve raised eyebrows, gossip, ostracism or  § Stigmatization . When people are  stigmatized, they are negatively evaluated  because of a perceptible sign that  distinguishes them from others.  § Formal punishment  results from people  breaking laws, which are norms stipulated 
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§ Social diversions  are minor acts of  deviance such as participating in fads. § Social deviations  are more serious acts.  A larger proportion of people agree they  are deviant and somewhat harmful, and  they are usually subject to institutional  sanction.  § The state defines  conflict crimes  as  illegal but the definition is controversial in  the wider society.  § Consensus crimes  are widely agreed to  Definitions II 
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§ Power  is the probability that one actor  within a social relationship will be in a  position to carry out his or her own will  despite resistance. § White collar crime  refers to illegal acts  committed by a person of respectability  and high social status in the course of his  or her occupation.  § Street crimes  include arson, burglary,  robbery, assault, and other illegal acts.  Definitions III
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§ Victimless crimes , such as prostitution  and illegal drug use, involve violations of  the law in which no victim steps forward  and is identified.  § Self-report surveys  are especially  useful. In such surveys, respondents  are asked to report their involvement in  criminal activities, either as perpetrators  Definitions IV
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