4 - Chapter 4 Gender and Sexuality by Rhonda Lenton

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 Copyright © 2008 by Nelson, a division of  Thomson Canada Limited.  4-1 Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Gender and Sexuality Gender and Sexuality by Rhonda Lenton by Rhonda Lenton
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 Copyright © 2008 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited.  4-2 INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION Will examine: Difference between sex and gender Gender identity and gender roles Sexuality, sexual attitudes and behaviour,  and sexual scripts  Theoretical explanations for origins of  gender differences Gender socialization Male violence against women Sexual pluralism*
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 Copyright © 2008 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited.  4-3 DEFINING MALE AND FEMALE: DEFINING MALE AND FEMALE: SEX AND GENDER SEX AND GENDER Sex : Biological differences between males  and females Gender : Attitudes, beliefs, and  behaviours  we associate with masculinity and  femininity*
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 Copyright © 2008 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited.  4-4 SUMMARY OF BIOLOGICAL SUMMARY OF BIOLOGICAL SEX DIFFERENCES SEX DIFFERENCES
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 Copyright © 2008 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited.  4-5 GENDER IDENTITY GENDER IDENTITY AND GENDER ROLE AND GENDER ROLE Gender identity : One’s identification with,  or sense of belonging to, a particular sex  - biologically, psychologically, and  socially Gender role : Widely shared expectations  about how males or females are  supposed to behave Little change over past 40 years in  expectations
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 Copyright © 2008 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited.  4-6 SEXUALITY SEXUALITY Sexuality : Activities intended to lead to  erotic arousal and produce genital  response Sexual behaviour guided by set of “social  scripts ” that tell us: Who we should find attractive  When and where it is appropriate to be  aroused What is permissible How to behave sexually
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 Copyright © 2008 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited.  4-7 COMPULSORY COMPULSORY HETEROSEXUALITY HETEROSEXUALITY Compulsive heterosexuality: Assumption  individuals should desire only members of  the “opposite” sex Places strong sanctions on: i. Homosexuals: Those who desire members  of same sex ii. The transgendered: Those who wish to  alter gender by changing appearance or  resorting to medical intervention, and  iii. Transexuals: Those who identify with and  want to live fully as members of the 
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 Copyright © 2008 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited.  4-8 SEXUAL ATTTITUDES AND SEXUAL ATTTITUDES AND BEHAVIOUR BEHAVIOUR Traditional   sexual scripts teach us to: Meet a member of the opposite sex Fall in love Get married, and  then Have intercourse with our spouse Yet scripts largely ignored today in Canada:
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4 - Chapter 4 Gender and Sexuality by Rhonda Lenton

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