BIOL 200 - CNS Outline

BIOL 200 - CNS Outline - 3. Analgesics a. Narcotics and...

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Outline of Central Nervous System Drugs Directions: MEMORIZE THIS A. CNS Stimulants - increase activity of ALL parts of the CNS 1. Amphetamines and related compounds 2. Xanthines (including caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline) 3. Cocaine and related local anesthetics B. CNS Depressants - decrease activity of ALL parts of the CNS 1. Sedative-hypnotics including: a. Barbiturates b. Benzodiazepines (Nonbarbiturate substitutes) c. Alcohol 2. General Anesthetics (contrast with local anesthetics) a. Inhalation Anesthetics b. Intravenous anesthetics (such as thiopental) Note: Ketamine will be different from all others in this class. C. Drugs that Selectively Modify the CNS - Some areas will be stimulated, others will be depressed. 1. Antiepileptic agents Note: often true depressants are used as one therapeutic agent (usually a barbiturate). In addition, however, selective agents are used. 2. Antiparkinson’s agents
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Unformatted text preview: 3. Analgesics a. Narcotics and synthetic narcotics b. Nonnarcotics 1. Salicylates (such as aspirin) 2. Aniline derivatives (such as acetaminophen and phenacetin) 3. NSAID’s (including ibuprofen) 4. Psychotropic Agents a. For affective (mood) disorders 1. Antidepressants Tricyclics Monoamine oxidase inhibitors “Others” including serotonin reuptake inhibitors (Prozac) 2. Antianxiety agents Are few specific agents – use sedative-hypnotics “Newer” agents include buspirone / beta blockers b. Antipsychotic agents - used to treat psychoses 1. Phenothiazines 2. Thioxanthenes 3. Butyrophenones 4. “Atypical” antipsychotics (Clozaril ®, Zyprexa®) c. For Mania or Manic Depressive episodes 1. Lithium 2. Antipsychotic agents for mania 3. Antidepressants for depressive episodes 4. Anticonvulsants (carbamazepine, valproic acid)...
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2009 for the course BIOL 200 taught by Professor Egan during the Summer '09 term at Golden West College.

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BIOL 200 - CNS Outline - 3. Analgesics a. Narcotics and...

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