american natives, spread out, vary culturally, primitive, stereotypes from media? Start as far back as we
can, history and archeology start to overlap so both historians and archaologiests are studying the past.
Difference? Archeology is the study of physical artifacts and historians use written records and art and
media forms. Overlapping. Very first humans, no written record, so some stuff here from archeology.
Uncertainty and questions about the very first ppl in America. Most agree on a couple things. First,
humans to step foot on America were immigrants. Second, fully evolved homo sapiens already, not
neanderthals or anything. Not sure when or how. 200000 years ago, we all descended from them,
modern humans. Migrated out of Africa into Europe and Asia, and then were separated by oceans.
25000 years ago, modern humans moved into Asia and Northeastern Siberia, goes into coldest of the
ice Age – wisconsin glaciation 25000 – 12000 years ago. So cold, sea water froze into ice, snow piled
onto glaciers and sea level drop in some places about 350 ft below what they are now. Exposes Bering
land bridge, Beringia, connects Siberia to Alaska. Humans walk across into America. 4k-5k year
lasting bridge. People start to migrate from Siberia into Alaska and have no idea obviously. Just
following animals and food sources. Descendents spread throughout north and south america. Very
first immigrants called Paleo-Indians, or clovis people. Traveled in small groups, get to North America
after 15k years ago, but before 13500 years ago, from several different archaeological sites found in the
1930s, earliest sites around then. Different sites spread, spearpoint called Clovis point, referred to those
people as clovis ppl bc they all made the same tip. Most people think Clovis were first americans. Little
more complicated than that. North and South America sites that seem to be older? Older than bering
land bridge even. Sailed possibly. Most experts think that would've been difficult/dangerous to sail