Europe in the age of exploration
Europe in 1400
Columbus discovers America, consequences and leadup to that. Not entirely true, lots of different ppl
living here before that and other ueopreans did arrive before he did. In 1400s, most Europeans are not
gonna believe within a couple generations Europe would become a lot more powerful than it has been,
most powerful in world at the time. Coming out of middle ages, lot of internal warfare, countries
fighting with themselves, recovering from Black Death/Bubonic Plague, swept Europe in the 1300s,
1/3 population died. Lots of poor and hungry ppl. Bc of all these problems, europe isn't really advanced
in terms of science. A lot Europeans think most of what needs to be figured out already done by Greeks
Romans. Lots of science discouraged by catholic church. Most powerful empire at the time is the
Muslim empire where Turkey is today, spread out, Northern Africa, Balkans (bosnia, serbia, croatia), a
lot fo Asia, Southeast Europe, into Spain. Two things, most ppl in muslim empire practice islam, for
catholics that is a problem, 2
, muslim controls most trade routes. If they want to get stuff from Asia or
africa, have to deal with middlemen or go through muslim empire. Reason for
exploring, need to find
own ways to get to Africa and Asia for silk spices ivory all that. Brief period of time out of black death,
Europe well off, jobs, food, shelter, bc of smaller population. Inheriting land, money, talking to each
other, exchanging ideas. Start technological advancements. Printing press; information distro cheap and
quick, ordinary ppl start to read. Compass, hourglass, astrolabe, quadrant (determine latitude). Up until
1400s, couple of different kingdoms, Aragon and Castile, 1469, Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand get
mraried, united them into Spain.
Defeat Muslims at Strait of Gibraltar, access to coastline of Africa. Part of reconquest, Portuguese and
Spanish pushing muslims out of portugal and spain. Before this, most European sailors have only gone
along the coastline of western Europe, north Scandinavia, up around and north, and back to Spain.
After 1415, Portuguese start going opposite direction towards western coast of Africa, At first still
didn't want to lose sight of land, reached Cape Verde by 1444, still along coastline at that point.
Developed new ships called Caravels. A little bigger, more room for storage, stronger. Better able to
sail on open ocean. Bartholomew Dias, sails around the cape of Good Hope 11488, southern tip of
Africa. 1498, Vasco de Gama commands first portuguese ships to sail
to India. Both these guys
portuguese. Traveling along coast of Africa and finding islands, Canaries, Azores, Madeiras, explored.
Decide to settle them, become sites of big sugar plantations. At first, Europeans enslave natives, but the