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USH1 07142009 - finish southern colonies III Chesapeake...

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7/14/2009 finish southern colonies III. Chesapeake colonies A. Maryland – 1632 King Charles gives 12million acres of land to Cecilius Calvert, aka Lord Baltimore, to start a colony. Lord Balt is a catholic, reformation in a few minutes. Conflict in european countries over protestant and catholic. Start colony on Chesapeake bay for other catholics, doesn't work out as planned, 1634, 150 ppl arrive in MD, 2 ships, both protestants and catholics. Lord Baltimore in charge of colony, gives 100 acres for every adult, 50 for every child under 16. Free up front, little bit yearly after that. Attracts ppl that dont have a whole lot of money, and ppl that want more land to grow tobacco on. B. Church and State – basically, MD, VA, settlers in both of them are subjet to several levels of govt. top is king, then governors appointed by king, governor has a council, then assembly. Governor and council appointed by king. Assembly is elected by some members of society. In VA, assembly called house of Burgesses. At that point, all adult men get to vote for the members, but that changes later. Colonies divided into counties. Church organization divided into parishes, parish is an area a certain church serves. Everybody at first in VA in anglican church (church of England). Not catholic, puritans will say it is. County govt and parishes sometimes overlapped. Do a lot of the same jobs. Have governing boards of the churchs and county governments, same ppl serving on both sometimes. County govt officially holds trials, build roads, taxes, militia. Church hires officials and ministers, build churches and maintain. Ppl on both boards tended to be wealthy folks. C. Bacon's rebellion – dream for indentured servants come to VA, serve out time, and earn freedom and buy own land to sell tobacco. At the same time, so many ppl died early in the early colonies that servants aren't living to the end of their contracts, no one has that much time to amass that much money. As things settled down, ppl started succeeding. As people, and therefore servants start surviving and getting their own land, become competition for the ppl they were serving. The wealthier ppl of VA don't like this, start doing things like trying to make terms longer. Whole lot more rules, easier to get into trouble and get term extended, but regardless ppl finish term. Problem is wealthiest ppl already own most of the land close to the original settlement, free servants now have to go out into the frontier, or try to rent land from somebody else. Even if you can buy your own land and get your own tobacco, hard to get it to market. Newly freed servants are in debt and moving further out. Remember treaty with indians? 1660-1670s, conflict and tension in VA, several things, first navigation acts, making ppl unhappy, two nav acts, 1660, 1663. 1660 First says products from the colonies (sugar, tobacco, cotton, ginger, indigo, basically any exports), can only go to english ports. 1660 2 Nd sets import tax on tobacco, so when it goes into england somebody has to pay a tax on it, whoever instigated shipping it pays up. 1663 nav act says all goods going to the colonies have
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