USH1 07272009 - The Articles of Confederation I the...

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7/27/2009 The Articles of Confederation I. the articles a. creating the government – treaty of paris 1783 last time, 90 something articles, didn’t talk about all of them. Now, independent country, have to figure out how it works. First government was articles of confederation, similar in some ways to what we have today, very different in some ways, most important thing is that it is very different from what colonists had experienced in England. Big issues and complaints with england so articles of confederation were direct answer to those complaints, but don’t last obviously. Give up and write constitution later. Throughout the revolution, 2 nd continental congress continues to meet. Declare independence 1776. What govt? No monarchy, some sort of representative democracy aka republic. Lots of questions need to be answered, Articles of Confederation was the plan for govt and first draft (not in effect) gives national government power to pursue war and peace, and to deal with foreign affairs, to regulate trade, and to run postal service. Work on it for over a year, complete final version in November 1777. Names country United States, defined as loose confederation of states, meaning more important thing is states not the country. To a large extent, states still get to do what they want. Will have congress, no control over state boundaries or what happens in land to the west, Appalachians to Mississippi River, call confederation League of Friendship, similar to modern day European union. No executive branch. No judicial branch. National govt is JUST congress. Congress is delegates from each state, 13 states, each state will have 2-7 delegates. Delegates chosen by state legislatures once a year. Cannot serve more than 3 years out of any 6. Only need simple majority to pass laws in congress for simple issues like postal service or something, but big issues like war 9 of 13 states to pass. To amend articles, gonna need unanimous consent from the 13 state delegations at the continental congress and then the 13 state legislatures. Each state will contribute taxes in proportion with the property value of that state’s land. Actual tax laws will be passed by state legislatures. Congress not elected by the people so not given power to tax. Nothing there to force state legislatures to make tax laws. Each state retains powers and rights not expressly given to congress. Plan approved 1777, has to go to 13 state legislatures, takes 5 years to be approved, largely bc argument over what to do with western expansion. B. problem of the west – 5 states want it written into the articles so that congress will have control over the western lands. Other 8 states have some sort of prior claim so they don’t want congress to take it up. Finally come up with compromise, congress doesn’t take over all the land, but if states want to give up the land that they’re claiming to congress, that’s fine. Delegates from VA, james madison and
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2009 for the course HIST 1301 taught by Professor Lauderback during the Summer '09 term at Austin Community College.

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USH1 07272009 - The Articles of Confederation I the...

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