USH1 07282009 - 07282009 C shays rebellion national...

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07282009 C. shay’s rebellion – national government start selling the NW land, the territories, auctions. In the meantime, states are still in debt too. MA decides to raise taxes. Require payments be made in hard currency. Property taxes and poll taxes raised. Some ppl now have trouble paying those taxes. Group of farmers in west MA get together and start holding conventions about what they want to do about it. Ask for help, send petitions to the state govt saying they can’t pay their taxes. When nothing happens, decide to take action, Fall of 1786, 2k-3k armed farmers go to courthouses in 6 counties in MA and take them over. Forced judges to sign agreement to not hold court until tax laws are changed. Tax records kept in those courthouses and judges would be the ones prosecuting for not paying taxes. Leaders of the group aren’t the poorest ppl, own land and officers of continental army, one of them was Daniel Shays, not spearheading the whole thing but one of them, picked as a symbol of the rebellion somewhat. Start rumors that they want to overthrow the government altogether, and burn down Boston. National Congress in response triples the size of the national army, not many ppl sign up. Governor of MA get donations from rich merchants in Boston, uses money to hire private army for himself of 3k men. Farmers rushing to get to federal armory, hear governor raising private army, then militia (just group of men opposed to rebellion) goes and tries to stop them. Small battle, few ppl are killed and wounded. Next month, governor’s army arrives and captures 150 of the farmers and over the next couple of weeks arrest 1k of them altogether. Some manage to escape to Canada, altogether 18 ppl sentenced to death, 2 are executed, the other 16 not killed. MA passes Disqualification Act, ppl that participated in Shays’s rebellion cannot vote, hold office, serve on juries, teach school, or operate taverns for 3 years. Worries ppl about government that ppl are even rebelling on a small scale. II. The Constitution A. The Convention – people starting to realize problems with Articles of Confederation so James Madison convinces national congress they need to do something about it. Have a meeting about it, first time they try to have a meeting in MD September 1786, only 5 states show up. Reschedule for Philadelphia, May 1787, all states but RI send delegates. 55 men come to the convention to talk about what to do. Original purpose was to revise Articles of Confederation. Some ppl including Alexander Hamilton says we need to do whatever we need to do to strengthen national government even if he have to start from scratch. 2/3 of ppl who go are lawyers, most have served in national congress before, half were officers in national army, 7 were governors. Upper socio-economy level of society. No farmers, no artisans, most had served in national congress at some point. Most of them are younger than first gen of founding fathers, old folks still here like Ben Franklin and George Washington. They
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2009 for the course HIST 1301 taught by Professor Lauderback during the Summer '09 term at Austin Community College.

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USH1 07282009 - 07282009 C shays rebellion national...

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