A2. Lewis and Clark Expedition – in 1803, Jffeerson had arranged funding for an expedition into
Louisiana territory, secret. Scientific and military expedition. Appoints personal secretary, Meriwether
Lewis, and William Clark is the co leader. Supposed to investigate indian cultures in the west, collect
plants and animal specimens, chart geography, look
for locations for forts, see about the fur trade. Put
together crew of aobut 45 men of all different skills, interpreters, rivermen, gunsmiths, etc. Leave St.
Louis, spring 1804, work their way up Mississippi river, spend winter at an indian village, go west
again next spring, reach pacific ocean november 1805. Going slowly bc of investigation. Return trip
gets back in 1806 much faster, heroes and all that and ppl are curious for discoveries.
B. Barbary Wars – Undeclared war, similar to Quasi War, Tripoli is a city in Libya in North Africa
currently, 1800s, Tripoli was a city state on Northern coast, pirates that operate out of Tripoli as ships
go through Mediterranean demand a tribute for passage, or they’ll have their shit stolen and crews
captured. 1801 pirates up the price, most countries just go along with it up until this time but now
Jefferson sends 4 warships to Tripoli. Tripoli declares war on US, we do not declare back. Next 2
years, US blockades Tripoli and escorts ships going through Mediterranean. In 1803, USS Philadelphia
runs aground in Tripoli, crew and ship are captured. Goes in, sets USS Philadelphia on fire, attack the
city, attack the pirates, set the city on fire, for $60k pirates promises to give back prisoners and stop
fucking with ships.
C. impressment and embargo – 1803 france and england goes to war again, each side warns US not to
help the other side. 1806 british navy stops and inspects US cargo ships, impressing the sailors, as
mentioned before. June 1807 American merchant ship ordered to stop by British naval ship, US ship
says no, British ship fires, 3 americans are killed, happens at Chesapeake Bay. Jefferson’s 2
says we need to do something, embargo act of 1807, says cannot trade with any foreign country, get out
of this altogether and make sure our products aren’t going to England in some shady roundabout way.
Total disaster for American economy.
IV. the madison Presidency
A. Indians in the West – madison wins presidency 1808, deals with tons of shit. Moving west bumping
into indian tribes. Trouble in indiana, NW territories given up by VA, indian chief Tecumseh, gathering
up followers and wants to fight back against Americans who keep moving west. Governor of Indiana,
William henry Harrison, negotiating treaties with Indians where US is buying indian land. Tecumseh