Unformatted text preview: Grammar in Use Grammar in Use Someone is absent from class. Where do you think he or she is? May and might May and might Someone was absent last week. Where do you think he or she could have been? She may be sick. Maybe she’s at home. He might be at the doctor’s office. I think he might have been at the beach. She could have been at work. She may have been at the hospital. May or might May or might What would you do if you had a million dollars? What would you have done if you had had a million dollars? If I had a million dollars, I wouldn’t//might not work anymore. What do you think you’ll be doing Saturday evening at 6:00? I might have spent it on real estate to get another million if I had had a million dollars. I think I might be spending some quality time with my kids. I think I might go/be going to one of my… Have to and must Have to and must What do you have to do tomorrow? (3 ways) I have to prepare for my grammar test.
I must prepare for my grammar test. I have got to prepare for my grammar test. What mustn’t you do at your work? What do you not have to do at your work? I mustn’t be rude to the customers. We mustn't be late to our work. We must not use the cell phone at work. I don’t have to ask permission to powder my nose. I don’t have to wear heels at work. I don’t have to take my full hour lunch; I can take a shorter lunch if I want to. What do you think the next president of the U.S. should do right away? (advice/opinion) Should Should How do you think the weather will be this weekend? (expectation) I think the next president should not /ought not to have a dog in the White House! I think he should raise the minimum wage right away. What did you NOT do last week for school or work that you regret not doing? It should be warm. It’s probably going to be warm. I should have gone to the bank, so now I’m broke. I should have studied more, but I didn’t have time. What would you suggest to a student who can’t decide his or her major? Subjunctive Subjunctive Do you insist on things being a certain way at home, work, or school? What? I would suggest that she or he see a counselor. I suggest that you see a counselor. My husband insists on keeping the car clean. I insist on keeping everyone out of my room! Had better; It’s time… Had better; It’s time… What advice have you recently given to someone who was “in a jam” (at work, home, etc.)? What would you tell your friend who never does homework and is now in BIG TROUBLE?!? I told him he had better not go to work and just study instead. I told my daughter (that) she had better do her homework on time. It’s time you studied more! Can/Could/Would you…? Can/Could/Would you…? Can/Could/May I…? Ask someone to do something: Could you open the window, please? Ask for something (or permission): May I borrow your pen? Offer something to someone: Would you like a cup of tea? If I do…. If I did… If I do…. If I did… What will happen if you don’t pass your exam? What would happen if you didn’t pass the exam? If I don’t pass this exam, I will get a “D” for the course. If I didn’t pass this exam, I would get a “D” for the course. What would have happened if you hadn’t passed the exam? If I hadn’t passed the exam, I would have gotten a “D” for the course. If I knew… I wish I knew… If I knew… I wish I knew… What would you like to know how to do, and why? If I knew how to bake, I could eat cookies all day. What do you wish? I wish I knew how to bake (so that I could eat cookies all day). If I had known… I wish I had If I had known… I wish I had known… What do you regret not knowing about or not doing before now? I wish I had taken music lessons. What could you do now if…? If I had taken music lessons, I would have enjoyed it. If I had taken music lessons, I would play every day now. What could you have done if…? I could play the guitar if I had taken music lessons. If I had taken music lessons, I could have played in the orchestra. Would I wish…would Would I wish…would How would the world be if you could change it? If I could change the world, it would be peaceful. What action of another person would you like to change? I wish my brother would help me with my homework. What state or condition of another person would you like to change? I wish my brother had a car. ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2009 for the course ESL 141 taught by Professor Forrestfordyce during the Fall '08 term at Glendale Community College.
- Fall '08