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Unformatted text preview: Grammar in Use Grammar in Use Passive: Simple Present and Simple Past Passive: Simple Present and Simple Past Seventeen thousand students attend the college. Seven hundred students received diplomas last year. The college is attended by seventeen thousand students . Glendale College confers one hundred diplomas every year. Diplomas were received by seven hundred students last year. Passive with will, can, must, going to, want to Passive with Active or Passive? Change to opposite. They will build a new bridge next year. A new bridge will be built next year. The Congress can pass a new law to promote credit lending. A new law to promote credit lending can be passed by the Congress. The “toxic” assets of American banks must be sold. American banks must sell their “toxic” assets. A new president is not going to improve the economy alone. The economy is not going to be improved by a new president alone. Most developing countries want to be helped by the developed nations. The developing countries want the developed to help them. Passive: Perfect Tenses & should Passive: Perfect Tenses & have, might have, would have, seem to Passive or Active? Change to opposite: have
Have you ever been given a speeding ticket? (P) Room service had delivered our breakfast by sunrise. (A) The agent should have told you that there was a charge for baggage. (A) Have the police ever given you a speeding ticket? (A) Our breakfast had been delivered by sunrise. (P) I believe the college might have already awarded all the scholarships. (A) You should have been told that there was a charge for baggage. (P) I believe all the scholarships might have already been awarded by the college. (P) George seems to have been immensely pleased by the surprise. (P) The surprise seems to have pleased George immensely. (A) Passive: Two Objects, Direct and Indirect Passive: Two Objects, Direct and Indirect Passive Two Ways: The college usually gives a catalog to each student at the beginning of the semester. The candidate gave another rousing speech to throngs of adoring supporters. DiOb: A catalog is usually given to each student at the beginning of the semester. InOb: Each student is usually given a catalog by the college at… DO: Another rousing speech was given by the candidate to throngs of adoring supporters. IO: Throngs of adoring supporters were given another rousing speech by the candidate. Passive: “it” + Passive Passive: They say that the university accepts fewer than fifty new students each fall. It is said that the university… The journal reports that nearly twenty percent of teenagers buy liquor illegally by the age of seventeen. It is said that fewer than fifty new students are accepted by the university each fall. It is reported that nearly twenty … It is reported that liquor is bought illegally by nearly twenty percent of teenagers by the age of seventeen. Passive: have…done Passive: Active or Passive? Change to opposite: Mary had the mechanics check the tires and the fan belt. Mary had the tires and the fan belt checked by the mechanics. The Smiths had their passports stolen while on board the ship. no change = meaning is something (bad) happened, not something the subject ordered or desired ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2009 for the course ESL 141 taught by Professor Forrestfordyce during the Fall '08 term at Glendale Community College.
- Fall '08