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ESL151-LectureNotesQuotation Marks

ESL151-LectureNotesQuotation Marks - Basic Usage of...

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Basic Usage of Quotation Marks Strong and Weak Punctuation : Strong and weak punctuation refer to exclamation points and question marks along with periods and commas , respectively. Placement of these markings are always inside quotation marks : "I told Jack to fetch a pail of water." Jill told her mother. The only exception to this rule is when making a citation or mentioning a reference book in writing such as a dictionary, thesaurus, or encyclopedia . Following a shorter quotation, weak punctuation is allowed outside quotation marks, after the citation. Placement of commas within quotation marks is done when there are two clauses (statements) and one is dependent on the other . For example: "Instead of telling him what to do, why did you not help him?" asked Jill's mother. The first part of the sentence, Instead of telling him what to do is a dependent clause because it relies on the second part, why did you not help him? in order to make sense. Therefore, the second part is an independent clause because it could stand alone and still be logical. This revised example shows proper use of commas with quotation marks (Note: sentence structure changes appropriately) : "Instead of telling him what to do," Jill's mother began, "Why did you not help him?" Placement of exclamation points and question marks also vary with the sentence, depending on what is being focused on . Consider these two examples: Did she just say, "I left Jack alone at the well"? and Frantically, Jill just said, "I left Jack alone at the well!" Both of these examples show people talking but the focus in the first example is not on what the person being talked about said, but rather the question asked by the speaker , hence the exclamation point outside the quotation mark. The second example shows a focus on what the speaker specifically said , therefore, the exclamation point is
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