WEEK 2 DQ's.docx - DISCUSSION QUESTION#2 DQ1 Discuss the...

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DISCUSSION QUESTION #2 DQ1 Discuss the primary regulations related to patient privacy and security that affect the how information is stored, retrieved, and utilized in the health care environment. What are the major challenges facing health care organizations as they work to implement regulations and standards, including meaningful use criteria. The U.S. government’s legal system regulates all aspects of healthcare, including health informatics. There are several administrative agencies within the federal government that serve as regulators of the healthcare system. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services (CMS), Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information (ONC) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) are just a few examples of these administrative agencies (Nelson & Staggers, 2018). The ONC and the FTC are directly responsible for regulating quality, safety and the development of new processes related to health IT. The laws regulating the U.S. healthcare system and specifically health IT, often times are written in broad terms, which creates challenges for today’s healthcare organization as they work to implement the regulations and standards. This is why the administrative agencies mentioned above are so important in guaranteeing laws are carried out as intended. One of these challenging regulations is Meaningful Use (MU). Meaningful Use simply means that the technology used to support the electronic health record is used in a “meaningful” way that ultimately improves patient care and quality. To encourage providers to get on board with this electronic technology, there is also an incentive tied to MU. “To qualify for incentive payments through the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services EHR Incentive Programs, eligible providers and hospitals must demonstrate meaningful use of an electronic health record (EHR). In other words, “meaningful use” sets the specific objectives that eligible professionals and hospitals must achieve to participate in the EHR Incentive Programs” (What is meaningful use, 2013). EHR systems allow for greater access and efficiencies associated with how medical information is accessed and shared. However, this also presents a challenge when it comes to protecting that information and is a major concern of EHR’s and the end user. The HIPAA Security Rule outlines what information must be protected and the safeguards that must be put in place to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to protect personal information. HIPAA stands for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. HIPAA mandated the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) create a set of regulations that protected both the privacy and the security of specific health information. Some examples of protected health information, also known as PHI is; test results, diagnoses, prescription information, identification number, demographic information such as date of birth, gender, contact information, etc.

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