Chapter 10-13 In class Notes.doc - Sociology In Class Notes...

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Sociology In Class NotesOctober 15, 2015Chapter 10Understanding Power Structures (Part III)Social differentiation: recognizing various differences in societySocial Inequality: the unequal access to survival resources in societySocial Stratification:oThe institutionalized social inequalityo“System by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy”Social Inequality and Stratification5 basic survival resourceso1948 (UN, the human rights)“Three basic human needs”Food/water, shelter, clotheso1960s (UN, added two more)“Five basic human needs”Healthcare, education, food/water, shelter, clothesLife ChangesThe amount of money and wealth a person is born intoprofoundly affects his/her life chancesLife changes are directly and strongly correlated with the following variables:oOccupationoHousing and lifestyleoEducationoMedical careoCriminal justice Systems of StratificationThree basic types of stratificationoCaste(closed system)oClass(open system)Meritocracy: stratification based on personal meritSocial mobility: change in position within the social hierarchyoSlavery (“total” system, ownership of humans)Ancient Greece and Egypt, United States, the CaribbeanWomen and girls enslaved today due to international criminal sex trafficking October 20
IdeologyPlatooEvery culture considers some type of inequality justMarxoCapitalist society keeps wealth and power for fewSpencero“Survival of the fittest” explanation(Classic) Theories of StratificationKarl Marx (“class”)oClass based on the means of productionCapitalists: people who own the M of PWorking class: people who sell their laborMax Weber (“3Ps”oProperty, prestige, and party (political)oBesides the means of production, class divisions depend on skills, credentials, and social statusoSES (socio-economic-status)oPariah groups: negative status and social exclusion

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