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اÙ�حاسباØ&

اÙ�حاسباØ& - 1 pbna a 1.1 2.1 3.1...

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1 pbíìna ò߆Ô½a ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. ٣ ﻝﻭﻷﺍ ﻞﺼﻔﻟﺍ : ﻱﺯﺍﻮﺘﻟﺍ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................. ٦ 1.1 يزاﻮﺘﻟا مﻮﻬﻔﻣ ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... ٦ 1.2 يزاﻮﺘﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﻰﻟإ ﺔﺟﺎﺤﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... ٨ 1.3 تﺎﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟا دﺪﻌﺕ ﺪﺋاﻮﻓ ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... ٩ 1.4 ﺔﺳارد ﺔﻳزاﻮﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ ١٠ 1.5 ﺔﻳزاﻮﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟا تﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺕ ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... ١١ 1.6 يزاﻮﺘﻤﻟا ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺕ ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... ١٢ 1.7 ﻊﻳﺮﺴﺘﻟا ) Speedup ( ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. ١٢ 1.8 يزاﻮﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ تﺎﻴﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻣ لﺎﻜﺷأ ................................ ................................ ........................ ١٧ 1.8.1 ﺞﻣاﺮﺒﻟا ىﻮﺘﺴﻣ (Programs) ................................ ................................ ............................. ١٧ 1.8.2 ﺔﻴﺋاﺮﺟﻹا ىﻮﺘﺴﻣ (Procedure) ................................ ................................ .......................... ١٨ 1.8.3 تﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا ىﻮﺘﺴﻣ (Instructions) ................................ ................................ ...................... ١٩ 1.8.4 ﺔﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا ىﻮﺘﺴﻣ (Instruction) ................................ ................................ .......................... ٢٠ 1.9 تﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟا ﺦﻳرﺎﺘﻟ ﺰﺟﻮﻣ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ ٢٢ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻞﺼﻔﻟﺍ : ﺔﻳﺯﺍﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻒﻴﻨﺼﺗ ................................ ................................ .............................. ٢٨ 2.1 ﻦﻳﻼﻓ ﻒﻴﻨﺼﺕ [Flynn’s Classification Scheme] ................................ ................................ .... ٢٨ 2.1.1 تﺎﻴﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﻖﻓﺪﺕ ةﺪﻴﺣوو تﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا ﻖﻓﺪﺕ ةﺪﻴﺣو تﺎﺒﺱﺎﺤﻟا SISD ................................ ......................... ٢٩ 2.1.2 تﺎﻴﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﻖﻓﺪﺕ ةدﺪﻌﺘﻣو تﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا ﻖﻓﺪﺕ ةﺪﻴﺡو تﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟا SIMD ................................ ....................... ٣٠ 2.1.3 تﺎﻴﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﻖﻓﺪﺕ ةﺪﻴﺡوو تﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا ﻖﻓﺪﺕ ةدﺪﻌﺘﻣ تﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟا MISD ................................ ....................... ٣٤ 2.1.4 تﺎﻴﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﻖﻓﺪﺕ ةدﺪﻌﺘﻣو تﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟا ﻖﻓﺪﺕ ةدﺪﻌﺘﻣ تﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟا MIMD ................................ .................... ٣٥ 2.1.4-a ﺔآﺮﺘﺸﻤﻟا ةﺮآاﺬﻟا MIMD Shared Memory ................................ ................................ . ٣٧ 2.1.4-b ﻞﺋﺎﺳﺮﻟا ﺮﻳﺮﻤﺕ MIMD Message Passing ................................ ................................ ... ٤١ 2.2 ﻂﺏﺮﻟا تﺎﻜﺒﺷ (Interconnection Networks) ................................ ................................ ......... ٤٤ 2.2.1 ﺔﻴﻥﻮﻜﺴﻟا تﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... ٤٥ 2.2.1.1 ﺔﻴﻘﻠﺤﻟاو ﺔﻴﻄﺨﻟا ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... ٤٦ 2.2.1.2 ﺔﻴﻘﻠﺤﻟا ﺔﻴﻓﻮﻔﺼﻤﻟا و ﺔﻴﻓﻮﻔﺼﻤﻟا ﺔﻜﺒﺸﻟا ................................ ................................ ................ ٤٦ 2.2.1.3 ﺔﻳﺮﺠﺸﻟا تﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... ٤٧ 2.2.1.4 ﺔﻴﺒﻌﻜﻤﻟا تﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... ٤٨ 2.2.2 ﺔﻴﻜﻴﻣﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟا تﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... ٤٩ 2.2.2.1 ﻞﻗﺎﻨﻟا ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. ٤٩ 2.2.2.2 تﻻﺪﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﻓﻮﻔﺼﻣ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ ٥٠ 2.2.2.3 تﺎﻘﺒﻄﻟا ةدﺪﻌﺘﻣ تﺎﻜﺒﺸﻟا ................................ ................................ ................................ .. ٥١ ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻞﺼﻔﻟﺍ : ﺔﻳﺯﺍﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻣﺯﺭﺍﻮﳋﺍ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﺉﺩﺎﺒﻣ ................................ ................................ ............... ٥٣ 3.1 ﺔﻴﺳﺎﺳأ ﻢﻴهﺎﻔﻣ ................................ ................................ ................................ ......................... ٥٤ 3.2 ﺔﻠﺏﺎﻘﻤﻟاو تﺎﻴﺋاﺮﺟﻹا ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. ٦٣ ا تﺎﺒﺳﺎﺤﻟ ﺔﻳزاﻮﺘﻤﻟا ﺔﻳزاﻮﺘﻤﻟا تﺎﻴﻣزراﻮﺨﻟا و
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2 3.3 ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺘﻟا تﺎﻴﻨﻘﺕ ................................ ................................ ................................ ......................... ٦٦ 3.3.1 يِدﻮَﻌﻟا ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺘﻟا (Recursive Decomposition) ................................ ................................ ..... ٦٧ 3.3.2 تﺎﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟا ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺕ (Data Decomposition) ................................ ................................ ............... ٧٠ 3.3.3 ﻲﻓﺎﺸﻜﺘﺳﻻا ﻢﻴﺴﻘﺘﻟا (Exploratory Decomposition ) ................................ ............................ ٧٧ 3.3.4
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