Some Possible Universal features of Human Communication (1.2)

Some Possible Universal features of Human Communication (1.2)

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Some Possible Universal features of Human Communication: Turn Taking (Use with outline) I. Introduction to turn taking -Although languages around the world seem highly diverse, all human languages exhibit common properties and are built around similar organizational principles - Overwhelmingly: (1) only one speakers speaks at a time, and (2) speakers take only one turn of talk at a time - There must be rules (an organized system) for turn taking: The turn taking system a. The economy of turns i. Turns are a valuable resource because they are virtually the only way to get things done in interaction ii. We accomplish social action through turns of talk iii. Turns are a scarce resource because they are allocated one at a time iv. b. Why care about turn taking? i. They do more than simply manage the traffic of interaction 1. They actually shape the content of communication ii. Culture gets a lot of its “sense” from turn taking 1. E.g., Interruption is “rude” iii. The turn-taking rules appear to be universal II. Speech exchange system a. An example ( REFER TO OUTLINE) - (Rape case courtroom cross-examination) i. Only one party is asking questions
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Some Possible Universal features of Human Communication (1.2)

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