1English-literature-in-20th-century--20世纪英国文学.ppt

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Chapter 8 English Literature inthe 20th Century
General View of English Literature in the 20thCenturyEnglish Poetry in the 20thCenturyEnglish Novels in the 20thCenturyEnglish Drama in the 20thCenturyProletarian Literature in the 20thCentury
.General View of EnglishLiterature in the 20th CenturyHistory BackgroundLiterary Characteristics
History BackgroundFor Britain ,it was a time of decliningin national fortune and power.During the 19thcentury, in order to payfor the wars,Britain had to give upmany of its investments abroad.Since World War Two, Britain hasbecome subordinate to the UnitedStates..
Different kinds of philosophical ideas appeared inthe Western world.In the mid-19thcentury,Karl Marx and FriedrichEngels put forward theory which became theguiding theory for the steuggle of the workingclass and encouraged the oppressed people tofight for their faith in the church.Albert Einstein’s theory of relativityprovided newIdeas for the concepts of time andspace.based onThese ideas,HenriBergson establishedhis irrationalphilosophy.
Literary CharacteristicsThe important and striking features of the 20thcentury English literature:realism and modernism.Features of modernism:(1) Complexity(2) Radical and deliberate break with traditional aestheticprinciples(3) Back to Aristotle
There are three periods in Englishliterature development.
The first period(1900-1918):The playwright:Bernard.Novelist:John Galsworthy;H.G.Well;Arnold BennettPoet: THOMAS HARDYThis new tendency was found in Oscar Wilde’s writing
The second period(1918-1939)It provided a favourable conditionfor the further development ofmodernism.
1920s:the best literary works ofmodernism appeared one after another.Famous person:James Joyce(Irish novelist)Virginia Woolf(brilliant womanwriter)
The third period (20thcentury):This is the period of the contemporary Englishliterature.In poetry,”purity of diction”:Ted HughesPhilip LarkinIn fiction and drama:appeared a group of vigorous young writer,called“the Angry Young Men”(1960-1970)Representatives:John OsborneKingsley AmisJohn Wain andJohn Braine
In late 1960s to1970s:representative novelist: William GoldingJohn Fowlesand Graham Greene.In 1950s,appeared new type of plays.Samuel Beckett(Waiting for Godot)
EnglishPoetryin the 20thCentury
OutlineBriefly introductionPoets of RealismPoets of Modernism
In a literary sense, the 20thIn a literary sense, the 20thcentury can be said to have beguncentury can be said to have begunin the 1890’s, in the political sensein the 1890’s, in the political senseit was ushered by the First Worldit was ushered by the First WorldWar (1919-1918) which had aWar (1919-1918) which had avery shocking influence uponvery shocking influence uponGreat Britain, which cost it almostGreat Britain, which cost it almosta whole generation of mosta whole generation of mostpromising young men.

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William Butler Yeats, W H Auden, Wystan Hugh Auden

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