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Interpersonal Attraction and communciation (2.2)

Interpersonal Attraction and communciation (2.2) -...

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Interpersonal Attraction and Communication I. Introduction a. There are differences between non-sexual forms of attraction and sexual (or romantic) forms of attraction II. General theories of attraction/liking (non-romantic) a. Theories of “general sentiment for, or liking of, another,” which can, of course, lead to sexual attraction and romantic love. b. The key components of liking appear to be ‘affection’ and ‘respect’ c. Theories of cognitive consistency i. Basic Assumption: 1. people try to keep their cognitions/attitudes – i.e., their thoughts about people and objects – in some kind of psychologically consistent relationship with each other 2. assumption that inconsistency is uncomfortable a. don’t like when someone is good and bad 3. people try to increase consistency and decrease inconsistency ii. Heider’s Balance Theory 1. 2 types of relationships: ( outline) a. Sentimate i. “Do you like/not like someone” b. Unit i. “With/not with someone” 1. E.g., small workgroup or roommate ii. Being in a close, physical area with someone 2. ‘Imbalance’ between these two types of relationships is uncomfortable 3. Because of our need for Consistency, when we find ourselves in an Inconsistent situation, we will change our level of liking toward a person so as to be consistent a. E.g.: If we dislike someone but DO perceive ourselves as ‘being with’ that person, we tend to increase our level of liking for them 4. Mere physical proximity promotes interacting wih that person 5. If proximity does not lead to interaction, then it does not lead to liking 6. Physical proximity and interaction a. When in physical proximity to someone your interacting with, you will change your liking of them to make the interaction smoother iii. Newcomb’s Strained-Toward-Symmetry Theory (outline)
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1. Newcomb hypothesized: if balance theory operates on individuals, then it must also operate on entire social groups a. people interact with eachother b. group imbalance is communicated to others, who also change attitudes 2. Big extension: liking is affected by the degree of/perceived attitude/value similarity
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