Chapters 3-5 (Rhythm, Notation, Melody) - Part One Elements 3 Rhythm the flow of music through time(the ordered durations of sounds and silences

Chapters 3-5 (Rhythm, Notation, Melody) - Part One...

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Part One: Elements 3. Rhythm: the flow of music through time (the ordered durations of sounds and silences) Beat: regular, recurrent pulsation Meter: the organization of beats into regular groups o Duple meter (2 beats in a measure) o Triple meter (3 beats in a measure) Accent: when a composer wants to emphasize a certain note o Natural accent on the first beat o Weak beats (second and third) Syncopation: accented note on an off beat or a weak beat o Often found in jazz or ragtime music Tempo: speed of the beat o Adagio – slow o Andante – moderately slow o Moderato – moderate o Allegro – fast o Vivace – lively, very fast 4. Music Notation Notating pitch o Clef: shows the pitch of each line and space on the staff Treble (G) – tells us where the note G is Bass (F) – tells us where the note F is Notating rhythm o duration symbols Notating silence (rests) o duration of silence Notating meter o Time signature – shows the meter of a piece Top number: how many beats per measure Bottom number: indicates which note gets 1 beat 5. Melody: a series of single tones Phrases --- a, b, c, a’ A, B, C Cadence --- a resting point at the end of a phrase Theme (main melody)

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