Nonverbal Communication (3.1)

Nonverbal Communication (3.1) - Nonverbal Communication I....

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Nonverbal Communication I. Introduction a. Definition of Nonverbal Communication : the use of symbols and gestures to create meaning i. Not the study of communication without verbal communication b. How do symbols and gestures work to create meaning? i. Either as independent of verbal communication OR (AND USUALLY) accompanying verbal communication 1. Gestures : refers to all forms of body movement of the body, head, arms, legs, or feet 2. Haptics : refers to the perception and use of touch as communication a. Professional touch, social touch, love/intimate touch 3. Proxemics : refers to the perception and use of structuring space as communication 4. Chronemics : refers to the perception and use of time 5. Physical Appearance : refers to what is communicated through appearance 6. Gaze : refers to the perception and use of the control of the eye and how that effects communication 7. Facial Expressions : refers to how facial muscles can be used to communicate meaning and emotion a. Very helpful when the verbal message is contradictory i. Friend says “I’m fine” when they are red and crying 1. Leakage Cues : the idea that the facial expression has more believability than the verbal communication II. The Face a. Our facial expressions can suggest our attitudes, judgments, and emotions i. Ekman and Friesen (1975) found that there is universality in expressions of six basic emotions
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Lieberman during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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Nonverbal Communication (3.1) - Nonverbal Communication I....

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