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Unformatted text preview: Sheet1 Page 1 Copyrighl 1997 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1997, Vbl. 73, No. 2, 381-391 0022-3514/97/$3.00 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Parental Divorce: Effects on Individual Behavior and Longevity Joan S. TUcker Howard S. Friedman Brandeis University University of California, Riverside Joseph E. Schwartz Michael H. Criqui State University of New Y>rk at Stony Brook University of California, San Diego Carol Tomlinson-Keasey Deborah L. Wingard University of California, Davis University of California, San Diego Leslie R. Martin La Sierra University Using an archival prospective design, the authors studied associations among parental divorce occurring during participants' childhood, adult psychosocial mediators, and mortality over the life span of a subgroup of participants (N = 1,261) in the Terman Life Cycle Study (1921-1991). Children from divorced families grew up to show a higher risk of premature mortality across the life span. The higher mortality risk for men was explained, in part, when 3 mediating factors were controlled: Men who had experienced parental divorce were more likely to have their own marriages end in divorce, obtained less education, and engaged in fewer service activities. Women who had experienced parental divorce smoked more and were more likely themselves to divorce, both of which predicted higher mortality risk. The findings extend previous work on the negative sequelae of parental divorce to long-term effects on personality and longevity. During the past two decades, knowledge about the long-term interacting variables surrounding parental conflict and divorce impact of parental divorce on children's behavior has exploded, (Amato & Keith, 1991a). Characteristics of the child, characte but the potentially mediating role of personality change has been istics of the parents, family process variables such as conflic mostly overlooked. Many studies have recognized the multiple communication, and cooperation, and socioeconomic status (SES) are some of the many factors that have been examined in increasingly sophisticated and complex studies of the effects Joan S. Tucker, Department of Psychology, Brandeis University of parental divorce (e.g., Sandier, Wolchik, Braver, & Fogas, ard S. Friedman, Department of Psychology, University of California, 1991 Riverside of parental divorce that has received limited empirical investiga- Sheet1 Page 2 Science, State University of New York at Stony Brook Criqui and Deborah L. Wingard, Department of Family and Preventive tion is a change in physical health status: There is reas Medicine, University of California, San Diego Keasey, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis R. Martin, Department of Psychology, La Sierra University....
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course ES 212 taught by Professor Gamboa during the Spring '08 term at Cal Poly.
- Spring '08