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HIST 200 Lecture (3.19.2007)

HIST 200 Lecture (3.19.2007) - HIST-200 Lecture Last time...

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HIST-200 Lecture 3/19/2007 Last time: Lincoln got elected Revolution of 1860: climax of a building Republican party, of building sectionalism, Abe Lincoln not even on ballot in Deep South states, ordinance of secession passed in South Carolina, South Carolina becomes an independent nation, SC driven by Calhoun’s belief that the locus of power lay in the states, Lincoln believed that the union was very important, inauguration of Lincoln in March (not January) Secession - South Carolina was followed by Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida (by February 1, 1861) - Compromise efforts didn’t matter o Futile Compromises just did not work - Crisis: Charleston, South Carolina (Immediate triggering event) o December 1860: Just as SC is leaving the union, the commander of the federal forts there (Robert Anderson) moved all the federal soldiers out to Fort Sumter Anderson needed provisions Lincoln’s proposal to send provisions was seen as threat o Anderson asked to surrender Anderson refuses, and crossfire began Anderson finally puts out the white flag and surrenders - Lincoln calls for militia -
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