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HIST 200 Lecture (3.5.2007)

HIST 200 Lecture (3.5.2007) - HIST-200 Lecture Today close...

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HIST-200 Lecture 3/5/2007 Today: close down on slavery, talk a little bit about the antebellum south, talk about the War, Jackson and west, this and that Big thing to remember about slavery: exceedingly complex and varied institution - Type of life depends on master/overseer/driver - Also depends on type of crop planting o Easier task: tobacco (tedious but not back-breaking) - Also depends upon economic conditions o Louisiana: under boom conditions and expanding o Virginia: settled - Size of the operation o Large places had cultural survival o Small operation: sometimes treated as a hired hand Antebellum South - Southern society o About 20% of Southern families owned slaves o By the 1850s, those who ran the south were slave owners or who were linked to the slaveholding regime Within that regime, divided up into 3 sections Top: exclusive club of large property holders, each owned more than 100 slaves, set the ideal for society, lot of land, lot of slaves, big house, men who had “made it big” in the south, men who don’t have much contact with slaves (because they have other men do the work), seen as descendants of Jefferson, easy and isolated life Medium and small class planters: Medium class planters, ambition to own more land, own more slaves, plant more cotton, and push. These are the men who really take control of the politics of the south in the late antebellum period. They have a vested interest in slavery and seeing slavery protected/expand. They won’t give it up under any circumstances. Considered hard-liners. This class takes south out of the Union. o Take control of southern politics: heirs of John C. Calhoun, represent southern aggressiveness Yeoman farmers: Not competitive with slave-owning operations. Poor whites: Some black slaves look down on them Free blacks: More in south than in the north, as strange as that may seem Slaves: Bottom of society o
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