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HIST 200 Lecture (1.17.2007)

HIST 200 Lecture (1.17.2007) - HIST-200 Lecture Office...

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HIST-200 Lecture 1/17/2007 Office hours via sign-up sheet outside door (SOS 255) - 15 minute increments - Open almost every Tuesday Talked about Reformation last time - All Catholics once, now Protestants o They do not like each other England - Henrys not interested in Reformation at first o Busy consolidating power, no interest Henry the 8 th finally is interested in Reformation Wanted divorce from Catherine (daughter of Ferdinand/Isabella) o She did not Henry a male heir 1529: asked Pope in Rome to grant him a divorce from Catherine o Denied right to divorce o Henry calls parliament together Parliament rubberstamps a move that converts England from Catholic to Protestant nation Church of England: Henry is head of the Church of England (Anglican Church) o Once established, he grants himself a divorce and marries Anne. 5 consequences: 1. Henry’s new wife (Anne) gave Henry a daughter heir (Elizabeth) - Elizabeth turns out to be England’s greatest monarch - England rises to national greatness to allow it to reach out to New World 2. Keeps parliament in session as a representative political institution - Parliament gains reputation (but it does take long time) - Individual ought to have a say 3. Sixty years of warfare with Spain (1530s to 1588) - Spain home of Counter-Reformation - Inquisition - Spain offended that Henry violated Catholic Church and the divorce - Glorious event: 1588: Spanish “Invincible” Armada (130 ships vs. England) - Spain wants to take over England - Spanish Armada defeated - Marks the emergence of England as a world power 4. Henry’s Reformation was only partial - Nothing more than a name change - Practices of Catholicism still there - Refer to spectrum (from left to right of religion in England)
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