Chp12-lecture_notes_errors_power

Chp12-lecture_notes_errors_power - Module 12 Errors Power...

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Module 12 Errors, Power and Sample Size Power of Hypothesis Tests and Sample Size Objectives: One should be able to define the types of errors associated with hypothesis tests determine the power associated with a z-test choose appropriate sample sizes based on power calculations Key ideas: Logic of Hypothesis Testing We are using sample data to infer about a larger population. Two mutually exclusive and exhaustive statements will be constructed. One statement will be considered true unless sufficient evidence suggests it should be rejected as false.
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What does it mean? We have devised a procedure that controls the probability of incorrectly rejecting H o . Suppose we do not reject H o . Is the null hypothesis true or do we simply have too little evidence to reject H o ?
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Possible Decisions: A Court of Law Correct Decision Innocent person goes to jail Convict Guilty person is free Correct Decision Acquit Guilty Innocent Reality: Decision H o : Innocent Assume true until inconsistent with evidence Possible Decisions: Correct Decision Type I error Reject H o Type II error Correct Decision Do Not Reject H o False True Reality: H o is Decision Vocabulary: Type I Error: rejecting H o when it is in fact true.
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