4.2 SEB323 Environment #2 11-Sep-09

4.2 SEB323 Environment #2 11-Sep-09 - Todays subject is...

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Today’s subject is sustainability and the manufacturing industry. 1
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Pollution includes any form of physical matter or any form of energy that is put into the environment in such quantities that it produces undesirable effects. In particular it is important to note that we consider both the natural environment (which is everything on Earth except things and phenomena created by human beings) as well as the built environment (which is all things and phenomena created by the human species that modifies the natural environment). 2
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The more traditional model for controls on pollution followed this principle – and generally have been less than successful in controlling pollution especially in developing nations and nations where the political system is prone to corruption. We’ll look behind the scenes of this when we cover environmental laws and regulation in later lectures. 3
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In the last two decades, as issues on the environment have gained increased attention in many countries, this new model has emerged. In Australia, for example, this model is in effect. A simple and widely known example of this is the Bell Bay Pulp Mill proposal by Gunn’s Limited in Tasmania. For the last two years it has been influenced extensively by forces from all three sectors (government, community, markets). We’ll study that case study in a later lecture. 4
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The sustainability movement has its origins in the 1960’s and received significant international recognition and acceptance in 1987 when the UN World Commission on the Environment and Development issued its report, From One Earth to One World. The chairman of the commission was Gro Harlem Bruntland and so this report is commonly referred to as the Bruntland Report. For a discussion of the role of engineering and sustainable development, an article by Mark Manion is provided in the Optional Reading Section titled Ethics Engineering Mark Manion is provided in the Optional Reading Section titled, Ethics, Engineering, and Sustainable Development. 5
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This definition by the National Council for Advanced Manufacturing is simply the general definition for sustainability (sustainable development). So let’s see if we can find a more specific definition for manufacturing…. 6
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This is getting there as a definition but maybe we can do better…. 7
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Let’s combine definitions and produce a definition for manufacturing and sustainability. 8
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humans and our built environment) but doing in a manner that does not limit or compromise the abilities of future generations. In other words, our impact on the natural environment should not at least permanently alter, damage or destroy the natural environment so that future generations cannot experience or exploit it in the same manner that we currently do. 9
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2009 for the course SEB 323 - S taught by Professor Professor during the Three '09 term at Deakin.

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4.2 SEB323 Environment #2 11-Sep-09 - Todays subject is...

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