3 Data Requirement Intro

3 Data Requirement Intro - Theory and/or description Theory...

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Theory and/or description Theory testing involves testing a general, deductive theory (we will discuss some research that seeks this goal) Description involves determining the characteristics of events at certain points in time (we will be discussing research that seeks this goal) Regardless of whether the goal is theory testing or description, the same general rules about reasoning from data to the question asked apply
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Gathering and using data in sociology Regardless of how sociologists develop the propositions and theories there are important requirements about how they can be evaluated These requirements are derived from probability theory (for example, Bernoulli’s Theorem)
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Types of social science studies Theory-testing When the objective is theory testing, there is a well specified set of propositions that are theoretical Here the goal is generalizing from the data back to the proposition(s) being tested
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Types of social science studies Description When the objective is description, the goal
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3 Data Requirement Intro - Theory and/or description Theory...

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