SOCL 105 THEORIES OF RACE and RACISM.ppt - SOCL 105...

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SOCL 105THEORIES OF RACE and RACISM
Perspectives on Racial InequalityBiologicalPsychologicalSociologicalFUNCTIONALISTSYMBOLIC INTERACTIONCONFLICT
I. BIOLOGICAL THEORIESBiological theories of race share the following traits:A.the belief that race is real; it is found in the body. People of different races are different kinds of people: they have different bodies, souls, and minds.B.Different racial groups could be placed on a hierarchy, i.e. some racial groups are superior to others.C.The problem with race is to be found and explained by the inadequacies of inferior racial groups. Racial groups do poorly on the economic, political and social systems because they lack what it takes to do well, not because they are the victims of prejudice and discrimination.
Examples of Biological Theoriesa)Colonial theories of Race were developed as an ideological justification for the conquering of territories and peoples of other continents by Western European societies during the 17th, 18th, and the 19thcenturies.White European men were thought to be the most evolved and civilized beings in the planet. Those who were thought to be different than white, European men were considered inferior. Inferior peoples were thought to be less than human, primitive, savages, and uncivilized. Inferior people were to be at the service of superior races and were not to have the rights, the protections, and the benefits of superior races.
b) Modern Intelligence Theories: these theories try to prove that minority group members are genetically inferior to whites and thus are endowed with less intelligence than their counterparts.Some researchers have tried to prove that Blacks are less intelligent than whites. IQ tests showed that there is a 15 point IQ gap between whites and blacks.
white
II. PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES1.Scapegoat theory2.Bogardus’ Distance Research
Scapegoat theoryPremises:individuals who harbor various frustrations in their desire to achieve social and economic success vent their anger in the form of aggression directed toward some member of a minority group.Frustration-aggression hypothesis: the psychological principle that aggression often follows frustration is central to the scapegoat principle. Substitution principle: the attack is not directed towards the group responsible for the individual frustrations but on a member of a powerless group that the individual may feel they have the power to blame and attack.

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