nativeamericanlgs

am t9 ma k 9k for inanimate horizontal object for

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Unformatted text preview: uage • Morpho-syntactic Omaha-Ponca • Siouan language spoken in Oklahoma and Nebraska • 60 speakers, only 25 of which are native speakers; all are over 65 years old Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Omaha-Ponca 10 distinct definite articles -kʰe ̤-tʰe -ð9 -akʰá -amá -tʰ9 -ð: -ma -ð:kʰé -ð9kʰá for inanimate horizontal object for inanimate standinɡ object for inanimate round object for sinɡular animate aɡent for sinɡular animate aɡent in motion or plural for animate sinɡular patient in standinɡ position for animate sinɡular patient in sittinɡ position for animate plural patient in motion for animate sinɡular patient in sittinɡ position for animate plural patient in sittinɡ position -kʰe ̤-tʰe -ð9 -akʰá -amá -tʰ9 -ð: -ma -ð:kʰé -ð9kʰá for inanimate horizontal object for inanimate standinɡ object for inanimate round object for sinɡular animate aɡent for sinɡular animate aɡent in motion or plural for animate sinɡular patient in standinɡ position for animate sinɡular patient in sittinɡ position for animate plural patient in motion for animate sinɡular patient in sittinɡ position for animate plural patient in sittinɡ position 1. mašč:ɡe _____ pað: _______ weðai tʰe rabbit the Pawnee the found them ‘The rabbit detected the Pawnee’ 2. m: _____ hídexči tʰédi,... sun the at-the-very-bottom when... ‘When the sun was at the bottom of the sky...’ -kʰe ̤-tʰe -ð9 -akʰá -amá -tʰ9 -ð: -ma -ð:kʰé -ð9kʰá for inanimate horizontal object for inanimate standinɡ object for inanimate round object for sinɡular animate aɡent for sinɡular animate aɡent in motion or plural for animate sinɡular patient in standinɡ position for animate sinɡular patient in sittinɡ position for animate plural patient in motion for animate sinɡular patient in sittinɡ position for animate plural patient in sittinɡ position 1. mašč:ɡe akʰá pað: _______ weðai tʰe rabbit the Pawnee the found them ‘The rabbit detected the Pawnee’ 2. m: _____ hídexči tʰédi,... sun the at-the-very-bottom when... ‘When the sun was at the bottom of the sky...’ -kʰe ̤-tʰe -ð9 -akʰá -amá -tʰ9 -ð: -ma -ð:kʰé -ð9kʰá for inanimate horizontal object for inanimate standinɡ object for inanimate round object for sinɡular animate aɡent for sinɡular animate aɡent in motion or plural for animate sinɡular patient in standinɡ position for animate sinɡular patient in sittinɡ position for animate plural patient in motion for animate sinɡular patient in sittinɡ position for animate plural patient in sittinɡ position 1. mašč:ɡe akʰá pað: ð9kʰá weðai tʰe rabbit the Pawnee the found them ‘The rabbit detected the Pawnee’ 2. m: ð9 hídexči tʰédi,... sun the at-the-very-bottom when... ‘When the sun was at the bottom of the sky...’ Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic • A large number of languages must be examined to determine: • the ways in which ‘gender ’ can be defined in a language • the distinctions a language can make in the pronominal system • the range of synthesis possible in morphology Summary • Language preservation is extremely important to the study of language as a cognitive system • The diversity of the world’s language systems divulges priceless information about what is and is not possible in natural language...
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