nativeamericanlgs

How can gender be represented in a language how many

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Unformatted text preview: h Fricative Approximant Lateral w l j Features of Language • Phonological • A large number of languages must be examined to determine: • the full range of possible linguistic sounds • the number of distinct consonants a language can have Features of Language • Phonological • Morpho-syntactic Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic • Think of 2 pieces of information that are encoded in morphology in other languages. • How can gender be represented in a language? • How many suffixes can you put on a word in English, or another language you speak? Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic GENDER • Arabic: masculine & feminine • Gender in Arabic is grammatical (mostly arbitrary) • Masculine: book, nose, floor • Feminine: story, tree, ball, lake Features of Language GENDER Kickapoo (Algonquian) • Northeastern Kansas, central Oklahoma, Texas • 539 in USA, 6 monolinguals; most speakers are older adults (1990) Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Kikapoo Nouns Group A a. aamowa b. aanikwa c. methiikwa d. othekwithema’a bee ant corn (one’s) aunt Group B e. kahchoochohi f. kesiikahpiyehikani g. mehthooni h. pokiihi baseball cap fork boat book • Can you find the markers that distinguish Group A and B? • Can you find any commonalities in the meanings of the groups of words? Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Kikapoo Nouns Group A a. aamowa b. aanikwa c. methiikwa d. othekwithema’a bee ant corn (one’s) aunt Group B e. kahchoochohi f. kesiikahpiyehikani g. mehthooni h. pokiihi baseball cap fork boat book • Can you find the markers that distinguish Group A and B? • Can you find any commonalities in the meanings of the groups of words? Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Kikapoo Nouns Group A a. aamowa b. aanikwa c. methiikwa d. othekwithema’a bee ant corn (one’s) aunt Group B e. kahchoochohi f. kesiikahpiyehikani g. mehthooni h. pokiihi baseball cap fork boat book • Group A: animate • Group B: inanimate Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Kikapoo Nouns a. koohkoos_ b. kiyaasiih_ c. meechipahooh_ d. teetepithaah_ e. kwitapithoon_ pig airplane car wagon elevator Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Kikapoo Nouns a. koohkoosa b. kiyaasiiha c. meechipahooha d. teetepithaahi e. kwitapithooni pig airplane car wagon elevator • a-c are ANIMATE: cars and planes are self-moving • d-e are INANIMATE:...
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2009 for the course LIM 200 taught by Professor Weisenberg during the Spring '09 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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