nativeamericanlgs

Pronominal system 1 singular 2 3 1 kenawun plural 2 3

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Unformatted text preview: wagons must be pulled by horses; elevators don’t go anywhere Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Pronominal System English 1I Singular 2 you 2 3 1 we Plural 2 you 3 they anaa anta (m) anti (f) antumaa humaa nahnu antum (m) antunna (f) hum (m) hunna (f) wo men ni men ta men Arabic Mandarin wo ni ta 3 he (m) she (f) it (n) huwa (m) hiya (f) Dual Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Massachusett • Algonquian language spoken in Massachusetts and Nantucket • Extinct Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Massachusett Pronominal System 1 Singular 2 3 1 kenawun Plural 2 3 kenaau nagoh neen ken nagum neenawun Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Massachusett Pronominal System 1 Singular 2 3 1 kenawun Plural 2 3 kenaau nagoh neen ken nagum neenawun • Inclusive ‘we’ = you+me • Exclusive ‘we’ = me + someone else Features of Language • Morphological Classification • Isolating • Synthetic • Agglutinative • Fusional • Polysynthetic Features of Language • Morphological Classification • Isolating: morphemes are not combined to form words • Mandarin: singular: gou ‘dog’ plural: hen-duo gou ‘many dog’ Features of Language • Morphological Classification • Agglutinative: a language in which the words are formed by joining morphemes together and each affix typically represents one unit of meaning. Quechua wasikunapi wasi + kuna + pi house plural locative ‘in the houses’ Features of Language • Morphological Classification • Fusional: distinguished from agglutinative languages by its tendency to join or “fuse”several meanings in one affix. Latin amo am + o love + 1st person, singular, present, active ‘I love’ Features of Language • Morphological Classification • Polysynthesis The most commonly cited trait of American Indian languages is polysynthesis - the expression of complicated ideas within a single word containing many separate meaningful elements, or morphemes. Features of Language • Morphological Classification • Polysynthesis Mohawk: Washakotya'tawitsherahetkvhta'se "He ruined her dress" (strictly, "He made the thing that one puts on one's body ugly for her"). One word expresses the idea that would be conveyed in an entire sentence in a non-polysynthetic language. Features of Language • Morpho-syntactic Definite Articles • English: the • the cat; the cats Features of Lang...
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