Microsoft PowerPoint - Class 9 [SPANISH IN THE NORTHEAST+SPANISH GRAMMAR]jcw SP09

Microsoft PowerPoint - Class 9 [SPANISH IN THE NORTHEAST+SPANISH GRAMMAR]jcw SP09

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Spanish in the Northeast USA April 14, 2009 Language in the USA JC Weisenberg
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Spanish Speaking Countries See: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=spa s America: Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina. s Europe: Spain. s Asia: Israel (Ladino=Judeo Spanish), The Philippines (minority languages). s Africa: Equatorial Guinea. s US: Southwest US, California, Texas, Florida (Dade County), New York, Louisiana. s Rest of the world: Andorra, Belize, Gibraltar, Morocco, Trinidad & Tobago, Turkey (Ladino=Judeo Spanish), Western Sahara.
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s http://www.college.emory.edu/culpeper/BAKEWEL L/images/viceroyalty-ns.jpg Spanish speaking countries (in red)
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Spanish in the USA s The US is the 2nd largest Latin or Spanish speaking country in the world, after México. s In the U.S. Spanish was spoken before English in Florida, Louisiana, Texas, CA, Arizona, and New Mexico.
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History of Spanish in the SW s 1513 - Spanish arrives in Florida with Ponce de León. s 1650 - Spanish is dominant language from Florida and Louisiana across to the southwest United States. s 1800 - Spain ceded the Louisiana territory to France. s 1821 - Spain formally ceded Florida to the United States. s 1600-1810 - Spain controlled all of what is now Mexico, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, California, western Colorado, and Utah. s 1821 - Mexico achieved independence from Spain. s 1836 - Texas declared independence from Mexico. s 1848 - US fought a war with Mexico (1846-48) and gained control of New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California, and W. Colorado.
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Who are the Latinos in the Northeast US? (New England, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania) s 5.2 million (15% of Latino population of US in 2000) s Diverse Group : Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Cubans, Mexicans, Colombians, Mexicans, Ecuadorians, Argentines, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Hondurans, Peruvians, Bolivians, Chileans, Venezuelans, Uruguayans, Nicaraguans, Costa Ricans, Panamanians, Spaniards.
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Who are the Latinos in New York? s New York City is 27% Latino s Culturally and numerically speaking, Puerto Ricans dominate other Latinos in New York City. Latinos in New York City 36% Puerto Rican 18% Dominican 10.9% South American 4.6% Central American
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Northeast Latino Immigration History s Brief Puerto Rican History: S P.R. a Spanish colony for 400 years S Became a US territory in 1898 (Won from Spain in the Spanish American War – had been granted autonomy from Spain shortly before US takeover) S 1917: US citizenship granted to Puerto Ricans S 1898-1948: “English Only” policy in schools enforced by US – largely unsuccessful (more dropouts than graduates) S 1948-present: Spanish the language of instruction in P.R. - English & Spanish are official languages S 1946: Mass emigration to NYC begins, with people seeking better economic opportunity (start of direct NY-San Juan flights encouraged
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2009 for the course LIM 200 taught by Professor Weisenberg during the Spring '09 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Microsoft PowerPoint - Class 9 [SPANISH IN THE NORTHEAST+SPANISH GRAMMAR]jcw SP09

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