Microsoft PowerPoint - Class 5 [SOCIAL VARIETIES OF ENGLISH - LINGUISTIC VARIABLES]09jcw

Microsoft PowerPoint - Class 5 [SOCIAL VARIETIES OF ENGLISH - LINGUISTIC VARIABLES]09jcw

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Social Varieties of American English LIN 200 Feb 17, 2009
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Social Dialects or sociolects Speech varieties that characterize people from different social classes or ethnic groups. e.g. African American English (AAE) White Southern Vernacular English (WSVE) Puerto Rican English (PRE)
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What is Standard English (SE)? Standard English : the official educated variety of English spoken by the elite and on broadcast media; lacking stigmatized linguistic features. Vernacular English or Non-Standard English : varieties that contain socially conspicuous, negatively valued dialect structures; spoken by socially subordinate groups.
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Language Variation The study of how language varies among people from different social groups; also the study of how language changes over time . What kinds of factors influence language variation?
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External Factors Non-linguistic factors that affect language variation square6 Ethnicity square6 Socioeconomic class square6 Education square6 Gender
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Ethnicity The concept of ethnicity is rooted in the idea of social groups, marked especially by: square6 shared nationality square6 tribal affiliation square6 religious faith square6 shared language square6 cultural and traditional origins square6 common history whereas race is rooted in the idea of biological classification of Homo sapiens into subspecies according to arbitrarily chosen genotypic and/or phenotypic traits.
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Class The concept of class is rooted in the economic structure of a society, where (perceived) “socio- eceonomic status” (class) depends on various factors: square6 occupation square6 level of education square6 income square6 type of residence
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Internal Factors Linguistic factors that affect language variation square6 influence of preceding or following sounds or words square6 structural factors (part of speech; position in the sentence, etc.)
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  • Spring '09
  • Weisenberg
  • linguistic variables, UM=Upper Middle Class, Middle Class LM=Lower, LM=Lower Middle Class, Middle Class UW=Upper

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