Microsoft PowerPoint - Class 5 [SOCIAL VARIETIES OF ENGLISH - LINGUISTIC VARIABLES]09jcw

Microsoft PowerPoint - Class 5 [SOCIAL VARIETIES OF ENGLISH - LINGUISTIC VARIABLES]09jcw

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Unformatted text preview: Social Varieties of American English LIN 200 Feb 17, 2009 Social Dialects or s o c i o l e c t s Speech varieties that characterize people from different social classes or ethnic groups. e.g. African American English (AAE) White Southern Vernacular English (WSVE) Puerto Rican English (PRE) W h a t i s S t a n d a r d E n g l i s h (SE)? Standard English : the official educated variety of English spoken by the elite and on broadcast media; lacking stigmatized linguistic features. Vernacular English or Non-Standard English : varieties that contain socially conspicuous, negatively valued dialect structures; spoken by socially subordinate groups. Language Variation The study of how language varies among people from different social groups; also the study of how language changes over time . What kinds of factors influence language variation? External Factors Non-linguistic factors that affect language variation s Ethnicity s Socioeconomic class s Education s Gender Ethnicity The concept of ethnicity is rooted in the idea of social groups, marked especially by: s shared nationality s tribal affiliation s religious faith s shared language s cultural and traditional origins s common history whereas race is rooted in the idea of biological classification of Homo sapiens into subspecies according to arbitrarily chosen genotypic and/or phenotypic traits. Class The concept of class is rooted in the economic structure of a society, where (perceived) “socio- eceonomic status” (class) depends on various factors: s occupation s level of education s income s type of residence Internal Factors Linguistic factors that affect language variation s influence of preceding or following sounds or words s structural factors (part of speech; position in the sentence, etc.) Internal structural factors...
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2009 for the course LIM 200 taught by Professor Weisenberg during the Spring '09 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Microsoft PowerPoint - Class 5 [SOCIAL VARIETIES OF ENGLISH - LINGUISTIC VARIABLES]09jcw

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