Class 3 [PHONETICS & IPA OVERVIEW - BRITISH VS. AMERICAN ENGLISH] jcw 09

Class 3 [PHONETICS & IPA OVERVIEW - BRITISH VS. AMERICAN ENGLISH] jcw 09

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Phonetics: An overview JC Weisenberg LIN 200 Thurs Feb. 5 th , 2009
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AGENDA IPA chart Examples Practice: Transcription with IPAs
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Sounds of American English When it’s English that we speak Why is break not rhymed with weak ? (Because they rhyme with steak and seek .) Will you tell me why it’s true That sew does not rhyme with few ? (Because they rhyme with oh and you .) We say cow , and that rhymes with how . But low doesn’t rhyme with now , (Because they rhyme with owe and bough .) And since pay is rhymed with may , Why not said with paid ? (Because they rhyme with bed and made .)
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Now here’s another one for you: Beard does not sound the same as heard (Because they rhyme with weird and bird .) We have blood that rhyme with mud , Food that rhymes with rude . And good that rhymes with could . Shoes is never rhymed with toes , But is with whose and blues ; And I can also think of zoos and chews . Are you surprised to know That toes rhymes with hose And beaus , and foes , and loaves ?
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And what’s more, Horse sounds like course And worse sounds like curse ? I’ve hardly made a start, gee, I’m sure you will agree In the way that sounds and letters disagree.
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IPA: Consonants
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IPA: Vowels
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IPA consonants b c d f g h j k l m n p q ( r ) s t v w x y z IPA vowels ( a ) e i o u
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American English: Consonants (i) /p/ (p it, tip ) /n/ (n ap, sn ow) /b/ (b all, amb le) /r/ (r eef, pr une) /t/ (pat , st ick) /f/ (f oot, laugh ) /d/ (d rop, loved ) /v/ (v est, dov e) /k/ (sc oot, ex ceed) /h/ (h at, wh ole) /g/ (bag , g uard) /l/ (l eaf, feel ) /s/ (peac e, s oap) /j/ (y ou, y ellow) /z/ (z ip, des ign) /w/ (w ith, sw im) /m/ (m ap, lam b)
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American English: Consonants (ii) /S/ (like “d”; cit y, butt er) /S/ (like “sh”; fresh , sh ine ) /S/ (leis ure, vis ion) /S/ (th ree, th rough) /S/ (th ese, th eir) /tS/ (match , feat ure) /dS/ (j udge, G eorge) /S/ (sing , thin k) /S/ (uh -oh, Bat man)
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American English: Vowels /i/ (as in “bee t”) /u/ (as in “bo ot”) /S/ (as in “bi t”) /S/ (as in “foo t”) /eS/ (as in “ba te”) /oS/ (as in “boa t”) /S/ (as in “bet ”) /S/ (as in “cau ght”) /æ/ (as in “ba t”) /S/ (as in “fa ther”) /S/ (as in “bu t”) /aS/ (as in “bye ”) /S/ (as in “a bout”) /aS/ (as in “abou t”) /oS/ (as in “boy ”) (/SS/)
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Example 1: “Southern Vowel Shift” /S/ - / ε / merger before /n/ and /m/ e.g. Vowels in pin;pen sound the same: [pSn] [p ε n] /S/ - /i/ merger before /l/ e.g. Vowels in steel;still sound the same: [stil] [stSl]
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Example 2: “Low Back Merger” Merger of vowel /S/ and /S/ cot/caught [kSt] [kSt] Don/dawn [dSn] [dSn]
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Class 3 [PHONETICS & IPA OVERVIEW - BRITISH VS. AMERICAN ENGLISH] jcw 09

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