Sect 1 - 29-31 August 2007Learning ObjectivesUnderstand...

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Unformatted text preview: 29-31 August 2007Learning ObjectivesUnderstand framework for studying world regional geographyExamine varied aspects of globalization Economic, cultural, geopolitical, environmental, socialUnderstand the following models and termsDemographic transitionMeasures of population growth and changeIndicators of social developmentMeasures of economic developmentState, nation, and nation-stateCultureCore-periphery modelThe human population is at its largest point: more than 6 billion people on earthAbout 86 million born each year (10,000 each hour)90% of population growth in developing regions (Africa, Latin America, South Asia, East Asia)Several important population issuesPopulation growth rates vary from region to region; some grow rapidly, others with slow or no growthRegions and countries have vastly different approaches to family planning (to increase or decrease population), from regulation to incentives and social cooperationMigration is very important; some migrate for better life, but others migrate to flee war, persecution, or environmental disastersThe greatest international migration in human history is occurring NOWPopulation and Settlement: People on the LandWorld Population (Fig. 1.19)Population Growth and ChangeThere are several important population statistics that you need to know (memorize)Rate of Natural Increase (RNI):annual growth rate for a country or region as a percentage increase (annual number of births) (annual number of deaths) = RNICurrent world RNI is 1.3% per yearCrude Birth Rate (CBR):total number of births divided by the total population, giving a figure per 1,000 of the population; world CBR is 22 per 1,000Crude Death Rate (CDR):total number of deaths divided by the total population, giving a figure per 1,000 of the population; world CDR is 9 per 1,000Population Growth and ChangePopulation Growth and ChangeMore population statistics you must knowTotal fertility rate (TFR):the average number of children born by a statistically average woman (world average is 2.8, 1.4 in Europe to 5.2 in Africa)Percentage of population under age 15Signals future rapid population growthPercentage of population over age 65Older people need more health care, social security from younger workersPopulation pyramids:show the gender and percentage of the population in specific age groupsPopulation PyramidsPopulation Pyramids (Fig. 1.21)The Demographic TransitionDemographic transition model four-stage model that tracks changes in birthrates and death rates through time as a population urbanizesThe four stagesStage 1: High birth rate and high death rateStage 2: Death rate falls dramatically; birth rate stays high...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course GEOG 202 taught by Professor O'reilly during the Fall '07 term at Texas A&M.

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Sect 1 - 29-31 August 2007Learning ObjectivesUnderstand...

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