PHL301_10-3_Relativism - 1 The Ancient Debate About...

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The Ancient Debate About Relativism THE SOPHISTS 1. Ancient defenders of value relativism 2. Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic 3. Protagoras No absolute truth in our opinion that we believe is good or bad. Blah too much stuff about truh, I’m getting lost 0.o 4. Plato-opposed The Modern Debate About Relativism (Benedict’s Article) CULTURAL RELATVISITS, like Benedict, a point to conflicting views about what is normal or abnormal, right and wrong, in different cultures as evidence for value relatvisim. (Examples to consider): 1) Suicide (Three from Benedict) 2) Homosexuality and the Berdache 3) The Dobu of Melanasia (collective paranoia) 4) The Kwakiutl of the Pacific Northwest (the potlatch and the death of chief’s sister) RELATIVITY OF PHYSICS EINSTEIN’S SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY Motion, space, and time are relative with respect to different (inertial) frames of reference in sense that (a) Measurements of motion, space and time are different in different frames of reference
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PHL301_10-3_Relativism - 1 The Ancient Debate About...

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