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PHL301_11-1-06(with_audio_notes)

PHL301_11-1-06(with_audio_notes) - Kierkegaard and...

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Kierkegaard and Nietzsche We’re going to be relating there views specifically to values. We’re going to go in-depth on how we should perceive values, and how we should think of values. Everything is mostly about values for this topic. Situation is that Existentialism of which these two philosophers are representing, and it’s rather difficult kind of doctrine to interpret philosophically because we can’t pin it down to any specific doctrine or any metaphysical ideas about the world that these people may hold. More like a new way to think of philosophy on asking such questions. These two thinkers are very hard to put together because Kierkegaard is the more religious thinker, and Nietzsche is more well-known as the extremely anti-religious figure. EXISTENTIALISM- new way to look at philosophy questions 1. Critique of Western Philosophy Kierkegaard criticism of rational knowledge was severe, and would invoke the rational emphasis Greek knowledge in which he charges have permeated subsequent philosophy and Christian theology. Math and science have no place for the human individual and only for the general and university. 2. Concrete Experience vs. Abstract Thought If we try to capture in everything in abstract thought, then we wouldn’t have choices thus there is no point in living. 3. Emotion vs. Reason Kierkegaard felt over-emphasize in western thought was reason. Reason was privileged over emotions. When Plato divided the soul, he put reason up on the top. Mostly everything in philosophy revolves around rationality. Existentlist are rather suspicious of relying on reason. 4. Subjective vs. Objective Now we’re moving onto the sick feeling in which we get in life after experiencing the same thrill over and over again. If we want to understand the meaning of life base on reason in a mathematical and scientific way, but bring in emotions to play. If we think of objectivity, we question ourselves on what we are really. But Kierkegaard says that it is also important to think subjectivity to explain our individuality.
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