November 1 - Kierkegaard and Existentialism Were going to...

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Kierkegaard and Existentialism We’re going to be relating there views specifically to values. We’re going to go in-depth on how we should perceive values, and how we should think of values. Everything is mostly about values for this topic. Situation is that Existentialism of which these two philosophers are representing, and it’s rather difficult kind of doctrine to interpret philosophically because we can’t pin it down to any specific doctrine or any metaphysical ideas about the world that these people may hold. It’s more like a new way thinking of philosophy on asking such questions. These two thinkers are very hard to put in the same category in terms of what they believe because Kierkegaard is the more religious thinker, and Nietzsche is more well- known as the extremely anti-religious figure (claims for God being dead). EXISTENTIALISM Have to think of existentialism as a new way of looking at philosophy questions. 1. Critique of Western Philosophy “Kierkegaard’s criticism of rational knowledge was severe. He revolted against the rational emphasis in Greek wisdom in which he charges have permeated subsequent philosophy and Christian theology… Math and science have no place for the human individual and only for the general and university. Likewise, Platonic philosophy emphasizes the universal, the Form, the True, and the Good.” This exemplifies the existentialist’s revolt against Western philosophy and one of the things they felt was overemphasized in Western thought was reason, and the capacity of reason to understand the world and the fact that reason was privileged over other aspects of the human personality, emotions and feelings and so on. We have seen much of philosophy much until modern times had been focused on the idea of rationality, whatever was rationally right, we tried to get rational truths for the existence of God in the Medieval Period, we tried to reason our way to abstract truths and so on. 2. Concrete Experience vs. Abstract Thought Existentialists are rather suspicious on this overemphasis on reason and instead want to emphasize on the idea of concrete existence over abstract thought in understanding philosophical thoughts. This goes against the whole grain of Western tradition, putting emphasis on ideas about emotions rather than simply reason. These are features of existentialist thought. “What made Hegel comic for Kierkegaard was that this great philosopher had tried to capture all of reality in this system of thought and, in the process, had lost the most important element, namely, existence. For Kierkegaard, the term existence was reserved
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for the individual human being. To exist, he said, implies being a certain kind of individual, and individual who strives, who considers alternatives, who chooses, who decides, and who, above all, makes a commitment.” If we try to capture in everything in human thought and you get the whole system, and you found it was all true and necessary and you had to believe it and you manage
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November 1 - Kierkegaard and Existentialism Were going to...

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