PHL301_11-16-06(with_audio)

PHL301_11-16-06(with_audio) - UTILITARIANISM (had major...

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UTILITARIANISM (had major impact not on just philosophy, but social science (like economics, political science, etc.) 1. Acts or rules are judged right or wrong in terms of their future consequences. (Consequentialism) The first rule may seem like common sense, but is not really because it still be wrong to kill one person even if you save fifty others (this example being against the concept of Utilitarianism). 2. Principle of Utility or the Greats Happiness Principle : Those acts or rules are right which tend to produce the greatest happiness of the greatest number of people. The Great Happiness Principle is central to the way how Utilitarianism thinks about things. How the hell do we measure this (as said by Kane)? 3. Happiness is understood in terms of a greater balance of pleasure over pain. PROBLEMS FOR UTILITTARIANISM 1. How do you measure amounts of pleasure and pain ? a. Bentham’s calculus (somehow measure happiness and pain to see if it’s greater then the latter. Kind of proves bad because we can not truly distinguish what is
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2009 for the course PHL 301 taught by Professor Bonevac during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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PHL301_11-16-06(with_audio) - UTILITARIANISM (had major...

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