PHL301_11-28-06_11-30-06(with_audio)

PHL301_11-28-06_11-30-06(with_audio) - ON LIBERTY The...

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ON LIBERTY The object of this essay is to assert one very principle as entitled to and absolutely the dealing with society within the individual. MILL’S HARM PRINCIPLE The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community against his will is to prevent harm to others. One principle that Mill says is that a government, in a free society, should not interfere in an individual’s private sphere of existence. PRIVATE SPHERE OF LIFE 1. Liberty of conscience , thought, feeling, speech and expression (We should have the freedom of all these concepts, and to remember them, it is close related to the Bills in our Constitution) 2. Liberty of tastes and pursuits; freely choosing our own plan of life (We should be able to make our own choices, and pursue those plans and things in life that we want that the government in society should not tell us how to do this.) 3. Liberty of association and uniting with others in groups or enterprise (We should be able to unite or join a club, and no one should be able to not allow me or force me into.) Remember the notion of the experimentation value that he mentioned in the earlier lectures. FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND EXPRESSION 1. If opinion is true a. Suppressing it prevents people from knowing the truth (obviously will harm society whether it is speech, expression, etc. such as the issue over global warming in which preventing the scientist from displaying the data would harm society as a whole.) 2. If opinion is false a. suppressing it deprives people of chance of showing it false to those who might believe it (which Kane mentions that there are a lot of people who believe in something that is false that has not been refuted really) b. exposing it requires open discussion c. even if your view is true, you can’t know its true if you only know one side, and have not considered all competing opinions, even the false ones (Most important one because even if your view is true, you can not really know it is true without knowing the false ones. We would have to consider the false ones, and put it up to the test to be certain of the true one. The theory does not hold just to philosophy, but it also holds to science.) PRIVATE MORALITY PUBLIC MORALITY WHAT YOU THINK IS THE WHAT YOU OWE OTHERS
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RIGHT WAY TO LIVE FOR EVEN IF THEY DISAGREE YOURSELF AND PERHAPS WITH YOUR PRIVATE FOR EVERYONE MORALITY ENDS PRINCIPLE: TREAT OTHERS WITH RESPECT OR AS ENDS IN THEMSELVES NOT AS MEANS TO YOUR ENDS RIGHTS TO LIFE, LIBERTY AND PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS ↓ LIMITS? To consider private mortality, it is said that the way we lived and raised (especially in a
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PHL301_11-28-06_11-30-06(with_audio) - ON LIBERTY The...

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