Federalism advocacyMain article: Federalism in the PhilippinesIn September 2014, Duterte and former mayors and governors, calling themselves the Mindanao Council of Leaders, advocated for a federalist government.A month later, Duterte attended an event sponsored by the Federal Movement for a Better Philippines in Cebu City.In December 2014, Duterte held a summit entitled "Mindanaons Forging Unity Toward a Federal System of Government".2016 presidential campaignMain article: 2016 Philippine presidential electionSee also: Rodrigo Duterte presidential campaign, 2016Duterte–Cayetano 2016 campaign logoDuterte and allies campaigning in Pandacan, ManilaAs early as the first quarter of 2015, Duterte made hints to the media of his intention to run for president in the 2016 elections. However, he denied these plans numerous times amidst clamor fromhis supporters for him to run.In January, Duterte said he would abolish Congress if he chose to run for President and was elected.On November 21, in a private gathering with fraternity brothers from San Beda College of Law, Duterte formally announced his presidential bid and also finally accepted Alan Peter Cayetano's offerto be his running mate, and named his daughter, Sara Duterte, as his substitute for Mayor.In his campaign, he said he would introduce a federal parliamentary form of government. He also promised to kill tens of thousands of criminals and eradicate crime in six months.Constitutional reformRodrigo Duterte campaigned for decentralizationand a shift to federal government during the 2016 presidential election. In an October 2014 forum organized by Federal Movement for a Better Philippinesin Cebu Cityprior to joining the presidential race, the then-mayor of Davao City called forthe creation of two federal states for Moro peopleas a solution to the problems besetting Mindanao.Mayor Duterte said that Nur Misuariand his Moro National Liberation Frontdon't see eye-to-eye with the Moro Islamic Liberation Frontwhich the administration of President Benigno Aquino IIIhad inked a peace deal with. He also said that the "template of the Bangsamoro Basic Lawis federal", but what is granted to the Bangsamoro should also be granted to other Moro groups and other
regions in the country.In a dialogue with the Makati Business Clubprior to the elections, Duterte said he is open to "toning down the Constitution" to accommodate more foreign investors to the Philippines.He also said he is open to up to 70 percent foreign ownership of businesses in the country and foreign lease of lands up to 60 years, but will "leave it to Congress to decide".Rape commentsFurther information: Rodrigo Duterte presidential campaign, 2016 §Rape of an Australian missionaryAt a campaign rally on April 12, 2016, Duterte told supporters that, as Mayor, he thought he "should have been first" to rape Jacqueline Hamill, an Australian missionary who was gang-rapedand killed during the 1989 Davao hostage crisis. He recalled examining her corpse concluding that she was raped but also remarked that he "should have gone first".