08 PHIL 103 Philosophy of Religion NOTES.docx - PHILOSOPHY...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 32 pages.

PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION Philosophy of Religion and the Question of God's Existence Why should I care if God exists? 1 ULTIMATE QUESTIONS: ORIGIN – Where did everything come from? – Who am I? (What is a human being?) – What is the meaning/purpose of life? – How should I live? (What is right and what is wrong?) DESTINY – What happens after I die? 2 3 Inference to the Best Explanation Inference = “ to take in ,” i.e. taking in the and from it drawing a conclusion Explanation = the and story, i.e. it tells us what is the cause of an effect Likeliest Explanation = the cause that most probably explains the effects Loveliest Explanation = the cause that explains the effect in the most depth
4 Our Method Most of the arguments for God’s existence will be abductive i.e. we will look at the universe and phenomena in the universe ( ) and ask what is the most likely and lovely explanation ( ) for how these things came to exist in the universe. Whatever the cause is it must have the to the . The abductive arguments will not show that God logically must exist but that it is more that than it is that he does not. 5 Our Method – we will look at a wide range of diverse parts of life to see if we can find multiple confirming arguments for the likeliest and loveliest causes these aspects of the universe. Whatever the true story of the universe is (worldview), we should expect to find evidence for it all over the place. We will be using the standard of beyond a . 6 Our Method Appeal to Natural Theology (General Revelation) Use of to and recognize things revealed about God in creation (Rom. 1:20, Psalm 19:1-4, Rom. 2:14-15, etc.) This contrasts with (special revelation), i.e. information about God directly revealed through God speaking, God speaking through others and/or holy writings 7 *Cumulative Case Video* 8 What do we mean by the word/name God? Is God (all- )? What does that mean? Can God make a rock so big that he cannot move it? 9
What do we mean by the word/name God? .
What do we mean by the word/name God? .
11 What do we mean by the word/name God? . 12
What do we mean by the word/name God? ) 13
What do we mean by the word/name God?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture