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Film Final SG - Week One Early Cinema/Film Production...

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Week One: Early Cinema/Film Production “Cinema of Attractions” : A style of early film production that worked with only the proscenium space. The director would set up the camera and then perform actions in front of the camera Proscenium Space: Stage where actors would perform in the Cinema of Attractions. Contained no depth. Edison Kinetoscope Films Sequential images over a light source imitated movement. Actualities: Kinetoscope films of just actual things in the world..? Exhibitionistic style: ?? Georges Meliès: Used camera tricks to create magic shows. Films as series of tableaux…? Actors freeze, change things, and then continue without moving the camera. Sight Gag: Comic effect created in film based on difference in what view can see and what the character can see. (ex. “Sprinkler Sprinkled”) Early editing—pre-continuity/development of continuity —matching screen direction, eyeline matches, etc. Porter, Griffith— crosscutting ; deadline, etc. Chapter 1, Film Production, Exhibition, and Distribution Different film gauges (formats) and their uses Gauge: width of the film; image quality increases as gauge increases Film exhibition and distribution (just the basics of what exhibitors and distributors do) Exhibitors show the movies (movie theatres); Distributors rent their movies theatres and are responsible for publicity and merchandising. FILM FORM Form : Is the system of related, interdependent elements Viewer expectations: Suspense: Created by a delay in fulfilling an established expectation Surprise: Result of an expectation that is revealed to be incorrect Curiosity: Curiosity is ability to have viewer make guesses about prior events Conventions Common trait that are apparent in several different films and create traditions, dominant styles, and popular forms. Genre relies heavily on conventions Example: Wizard of Oz—musical so convention that people sing/dance It is a convention of narrative form that the conclusion solves the problems the characters face Motif: Any significant repeated element (object, color, place, person, sound, song,
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character trait, lighting, type of shot, etc.) Function of narrative/stylistic elements Every element in the formal system has a function within the whole system of the film; Motivation: Why an element is in the film Narrative economy: All elements are necessary, some have multiple functions “Chekhov’s Gun” An element that is highlighted early in film should have significance later “If a gun is hung on the wall in the first act, it must be fired in the 3 rd Similarity and Repetition Motifs or certain film elements are repeated to give thematic significance.
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