A. In the period 1910-1929, did standards of living increase in the United States?
Discuss three measures used by contemporaries as indicators and compare how
households in Muncie, Indiana (Middletown), the Mississippi Delta, and Belvedere
in East L.A. fared during that time and right after when the Great Depression came.
What might you conclude about the social (class, race, gender, and religious)
hierarchies of the United States at the time?
Standard of Living lecture and
consumer durables revolution, installment buying, balloon payments,
National Origins Act, Prohibition, Klu Klux Klan, Jim Crow laws, company stores,
sharecropping, Mexican Revolution, California Alien Labor Act
: In the period between 1910-1929, the standard of living increased across the
United States, but it did so disproportionately throughout social hierarchies of the time.
In the period from 1910 to 1930s, most Americans saw an increased standard
Life expectancy up by 10 years, infant mortality down
Enjoy more comforts…
home ownership up 8%
Electricity and auto
ownership up 50%.
Roaring twenties. Consumer durables revolution
in which advertising and the
allowed Americans to
purchase cars, real estate, and stocks.
: The standard of living certainly increased across the United States
during this period, but it did so disproportionately throughout social
hierarchies of the time and helped to further tensions between class, race,
gender, and religion.
I. Muncie, Indiana
Common white town.
Consumer durables revolution (1910-1930s):
the rise of consumer credit in the
1920’s that was a leading contributor in the eventual start of the great depression
because people accumulated too much debt
During 1920s, consumerism flourished.
Poverty for small farmers, workers in declining industries, and nonwhites
in inner cities, but most others enjoyed high standard of living
Spurred by advertising and
, American bought radios,
cars, real estate and stocks.
paying for something in monthly lump sums
(usually with interest) rather than all at once.
Like rise of credit,
was an eventual contributor to the great depression because