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Final Review, by Timothy Watson

Final Review, by Timothy Watson - RELIGIOUS DOMINATIONS IN...

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RELIGIOUS DOMINATIONS IN AMERICA Puritans (New England): Most devout homogeneous part of N. America “Purify” the Church of England without separating from it. Want to apply religion to daily life. Church had influence on life, but had no real political power. Strict observances to the bible. Scripture is most important. Generational gap… o To become a full member of the church one had to have a conversion experience. Fewer people were having these and there was doubt about future generations and the church. Halfway Covenant: Allowed for baptized children of church members to be admitted “halfway” membership and secure baptism for their children. Half members couldn’t vote or take communion. Unity breaking down? Internal doubt/fear—are sons and daughters following faith? Mass. Royal charter of 1691 hurts puritan control cause requires toleration of dissenters and based right to vote on property instead of church membership. Falls apart during the great awakening. Balance between emotionalism and reason collapsed. Presbyterians Brownists, Anabaptists Quakers Pacifism : won’t support fellow colonists against Indian attacks Abolitionism: 1754 slavery seen as a sin Gender equality: seen as extremely radical by other religions Plain Dress: a sin to show wealth through apparel Refusal to swear oaths --- will not be able to testify in court Very diverse. Around 1730, many Scots, Irish and Germans settle in PA Catholics Jews – Sephardic & Ashkenazic French Huguenots German Pietists: Mennonites (Pennsylvania): o Arrive in Philadelphia—settle Germantown (1683) o More radical. Tolerarnt of other religions Amish (Pennsylvania): o Arrive in Philadelphia—settle Lancaster (1683) o Radical separation. No technology. No mixing of cultures. Moravian (Georgia): o Settles Georgia in 1730’s. Led by John Wesley.
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o Reject any form of formal clergy. o Kicked out of Georgia because they were radical pacifists. Settle elsewhere throughout America. Religion in the South Least “churched” area. Class strife: Planters vs. Pastors Lack of formal training created fewer ordain ministers. Mix of government and church Landon Carter: Major plant who had problem with ministers sermons. Ministers were kinda under planter control so he made them change it. Millennialism : Belief/hope that American would become the promised land in which people might attain the perfection of piety and/or reason. “GREAT AWAKENING” (1720s-1760s): After a sense of religious decline, the Great Awakening saw a widespread revival of faith based on an emphasis of the corruption of human nature and a need for repentance from God. Old Light/New Light schism: Congregationalists split into “Old Lights” and “New Lights” New Lights: Embraced religious revivals. Dramatic spiritual experience.
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Final Review, by Timothy Watson - RELIGIOUS DOMINATIONS IN...

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