Plessy v. Ferguson (1897)*Schenck v. United States (1919)Texas v. Johnson (1989)Near v. Minnesota (1931)*New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964)Miller v. California (1973)*Engel v. Vitale (1962)Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)*Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)Everson v. Board of Education (1947)Gitlow v New York (1925)*Brown v. BoE (1954)*McCullough v Maryland (1819)*US v Lopez (1995)*Tinker v Des Moines (1969)*Gideon v Wainwright (1963)*Roe v Wade (1973)Mapp v. Ohio (1961)*McDonald v Chicago (2010)*Citizens United v FEC (2010)*Baker v Carr (1962)*Shaw v Reno (1993)*Marbury v Madison (1803)Miranda v. Arizona (1966)US v. Nixon (1974)Organize these cases into common themes and create a chart giving all of this information. I’ve given you a couple cases as examples. Use different colors for font/highlighting to show common themes. Be sure to make a key (blue = 14thamend; red = free speech; etc..)Key:14th– equal treatment14th– equal protection clause14th– Due Process Clause1st– Freedom of speech1st– Free Press 1st– Establishment Clause1st– Free exercise of religionConstitution4th– rules for search and seizure5th – Protection against self-incrimination
YearName of CaseEssential Question of CaseConstitutionalPrinciple(s)Outcome - DecisionImpact -Why is this case important?1897Plessy v. FergusonSeparating train cars by race ok?14th– equal treatmentSeparate but equal ok – as long as facilities are the sameCourt approved “Separate but equal”1954Brown v. Board of EducationSeparate by race inUNEQUAL facilities14th– equal treatmentSeparate is inherently unequalEnded “Separate but equal” policy1962Baker v Carr Does the SCOTUS have jurisdiction over questions of legislative apportionment?14th– equal protection clauseIt was declared that there was no question to be answered that it was a justiciable issue rather than a court issue. It showed that there were times where the supreme court felt that they did not need to intervene in a case. 1993Shaw v RenoDid the gerrymandering claim raise a constitutional issue underthe 14thamendment’s equal protection clause?14th– Equal protection clauseIt was declared that the shape was bizarre enough to be considered that therewas an effort to separate voters into different districts based on race, Played a part in gerrymandering.
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Supreme Court of the United States, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution